Largest Dams in the world by Installed Capacity
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  Overview

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) refers to capacity as the maximum output of electricity that a generator can produce under ideal conditions.

Three Gorges Dam of China is the largest dam by installed capacity in the world, built with a capacty of 22,500 MW. At second and third, are Itaipu Dam with a capacity of 14,000 MW and Xiluodu Dam at 13,860 MW.The installed capacities of major dams in the world range from 3 MW to 22,500 MW, with the average dam installed with a capacity of 2,489.1 MW.

 Compare Three Gorges Dam with Longtan Dam


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Largest Dams in the World by Installed Capacity
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  Top 30 ranks, by installed capacity in descending order ( rank and segment full dataset - 113 items )

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Here are the largest dams by installed capacity in the world.

Three Gorges Dam.

Amazing aerial view: World's largest shiplift at Three Gorges Dam (credit: Youtube/New China TV)

Three Gorges Dam is a gravity dam located in Sandouping, Yiling District, Hubei, China (Asia). It was completed in 2008 (14 years old).

Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric dam in the world by installed capacity. The gravity dam has an installed capacity of 22,500MW. Three Gorges Dam stands 181 meters tall and can impound up to 39.30 billion m3 of water. Its structural volume is 27.40 million m3.

 

 Compare Three Gorges Dam with Burrinjuck Dam from Australia.

 Compare Three Gorges Dam with Dworshak Dam from United States.


Itaipu Dam.

Itaipù Dam: the world's largest generator of renewable clean energy (credit: Youtube/Total)

Completed in 1984, Itaipu Dam is a 38-year-old buttress dam. It is located in Foz do Iguaçu and Hernandarias, Brazil-Paraguay (South America).

Itaipu Dam is the 2nd largest hydroelectric dam in the world by installed capacity. The buttress dam stands at a height of 196 meters and impounds up to 29 billion m3 of water. Itaipu Dam has a structural volume of 12.30 million m3 and an installed capacity of 14,000MW.

 

 Compare Itaipu Dam with Daniel-Johnson Dam from Canada.

 Compare Itaipu Dam with Haweswater Dam from United Kingdom.


Xiluodu Dam.

China's 2nd-largest Hydropower Station Wins Global Recognition (credit: Youtube/ CCTV Video News Agency)

Xiluodu Dam is located in Sichuan province, China (Asia). The arch dam was completed in 2013 (9 years old).

Xiluodu Dam is the 3rd largest hydroelectric dam in the world by installed capacity. The arch dam has an installed capacity of 13,860MW. Xiluodu Dam stands 285.50 meters tall and can impound up to 12.67 billion m3 of water.

 

 Compare Xiluodu Dam with New Bullards Bar Dam from United States.

 Compare Xiluodu Dam with Dagangshan Dam from China.


Belo Monte Dam.

Belo Monte - Plant and Power Houses (Youtube/UHE Belo Monte)

Completed in 2016, Belo Monte Dam is a 6-year-old gravity dam. It is located in Pará, Brazil (South America).

Belo Monte Dam is the 2nd largest hydroelectric gravity dam in the world by installed capacity. The structural height of Belo Monte Dam is 90 meters while its structural volume of 25.36 million m3. The gravity dam can hold up to 1.89 billion m3 of water and has an installed capacity of 11,233MW.

 

 Compare Belo Monte Dam with Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Power Station from Russia.

 Compare Belo Monte Dam with Burdekin Dam from Australia.


Guri Dam.

Venezuela orders electricity blackouts to save money during drought - CGTN America

Guri Dam, also known as Simón Bolívar Hydroelectric Plant, is located in Necuima Canyon, Bolívar, Venezuela (South America). The gravity dam was completed in 1978 (44 years old).

The installed capacity of Guri Dam is 10,235MW. The gravity dam stands 162 meters tall and can impound up to 135 billion m3 of water. Its structural volume is 29.80 million m3.

 

 Compare Guri Dam with Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station from Russia.

 Compare Guri Dam with Three Gorges Dam from China.


Wudongde Dam.

Aerial view of Wudongde Dam

Wudongde Dam is a 1-year-old arch dam (completed in 2021). It is located in Sichuan province, China (Asia).

Wudongde Dam is the 2nd largest hydroelectric arch dam in the world by installed capacity. The arch dam stands at a height of 240 meters and impounds up to 7.40 billion m3 of water. Wudongde Dam has an installed capacity of 10,200MW.

 

 Compare Wudongde Dam with Mauvoisin Dam from Switzerland.

 Compare Wudongde Dam with Goupitan Dam from China.


Tucuruí Dam.

Tucuruí Dam - Brazil (Youtube/u b)

Located in Tucuruí, Pará, Brazil, Tucuruí Dam is a gravity dam. It was built in 1984 (38 years since completion).

Tucuruí Dam is the 3rd largest gravity dam in the world by reservoir volume. The gravity dam stands at a height of 78 meters and impounds up to 45 billion m3 of water. Tucuruí Dam has an installed capacity of 8,370MW.

 

 Compare Tucuruí Dam with Dworshak Dam from United States.

 Compare Tucuruí Dam with Boyabat Dam from Turkey.


Dams Lists

Largest Dams by Installed Capacity (MW): world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Tallest Dams: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Dams with Largest Structural Volume: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Dams with Largest Reservoir Volume: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Largest/tallest Dams by Type: Arch Dams | Embankment Dams | Gravity Dams | Arch-Gravity Dams | Buttress Dams


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