Tallest Lighthouses Built Before 1900 - the tallest of which is Statue of Liberty of United States at a height of 93 meters. At second, is the 76-meter tall Lighthouse of Genoa of Italy, followed by Phare de Gatteville of France with a height of 75 meters at third.
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Of the lighthouses covered in this list, the Statue of Liberty is the most unusual - both in form and purpose. All along, it was more statue and monument and not really a lighthouse, even though there was a series of effort made to improve its lighthouse effectiveness.
The Statue of Liberty was dedicated to the United States by the French government on 28 Oct 1886. Despite efforts by the United States Lighthouse Board to enhance the effectiveness of its torch, the Statue of Liberty remained virtually invisible at night. In 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt ordered the transfer of the statue to the War Department, due to its effectiveness as a lighthouse. Today, it is designated as a national monument under the care of the National Park Service.
Located in Genoa, Italy, the Lighthouse of Genoa has one of the longest lighthouse history since its first light in the year of 1543. Built of masonry, the stone lighthouse stands at a height of 76 meters (249 feet) and remains the tallest lighthouse in Italy - 19 feet taller than the second tallest Italian lighthouse - Punta Penna Lighthouse. Since 1936, its lighting system became automated and has a range of up to 25 nautical miles (46 kilometers). The Lighthouse of Genoa is duly designated as an Italian national heritage.
Built in the year of 1835, Phare De Gatteville remains an active lighthouse, located near Gatteville-le-Phare at the tip of Barfleur, Manche department, in the Lower Normandy region of France. Constructed with stone and granite, Phare De Gatteville stands 75 meters all (247 feet), with a range of up to 29 nautical miles (54 kilometers).
Built in 1611, Cordouan lighthouse is the oldest lighthouse in France. Despite its long history, Cordouan lighthouse remains an active lighthouse, located 7 kilometersat sea, near the mouth of the Gironde estuary in France. The stone lighthouse stands at a height of 68 meters (223 feet) and projects a range of up to 22 nautical miles or 41 kilometers.
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