Tallest Dams in Europe
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  Overview

Which are the tallest and largest dams in Europe ?

Tallest Dams. The tallest dam in Europe is Grande Dixence Dam of Switzerland with a height of 285 meters. At second and third, are Enguri Dam at a height of 271.50 meters and Yusufeli Dam at 270 meters.The heights of the major dams in Europe range from 13 meters to 285 meters, with the average height at around 152.9 meters.

Countries with Most Major Dams. The country with the most major dams in Europe is Turkey.

 Compare Grande Dixence Dam with Llyn Brianne Dam


  Top 30 ranks, by structure height in descending order ( rank and segment full dataset - 113 items )

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Chart 1: Tallest Dams in Europe
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Installed Capacity. The largest dam in Europe by installed capacity is Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam of Russia with a capacity of 6,400 MW.The installed capacities of major dams in Europe range from 5 MW to 6,400 MW, with the average being 1,630.7 MW.

Reservoir Volume. Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station of Russia is the largest dam by reservoir volume in Europe, with a reservoir of 169.27 billion m3.The reservoir volumes of major dams in Europe range from 0.05 billion m3 to 169.27 billion m3, with the average dam impounding up to 16.9 billion m3 of water.

Dam Types. The most common dam type among the major dams in Europe is the arch dam.


Let's check out some of these tallest and largest dams in Europe.

Grande Dixence Dam.

The Wall | Grande Dixence Switzerland (Youtube/ds drone)

Located in Hérémence, Switzerland, Grande Dixence Dam is a gravity dam. It was built in 1961 (61 years since completion).

Grande Dixence Dam is the tallest gravity dam in the world. The structural height of Grande Dixence Dam is 285 meters while its structural volume of 6 million m3. The gravity dam can hold up to 0.40 billion m3 of water and has an installed capacity of 2,069MW.

 

 Compare Grande Dixence Dam with Guangzhao Dam from China.

 Compare Grande Dixence Dam with Boyabat Dam from Turkey.


Enguri Dam.

Georgia: Enguri dam keeps the power flowing (Youtube/European Bank for Reconstruction and Development)

Completed in 1978, Enguri Dam is a 44-year-old arch dam. It is located in Tsalenjikha, Georgia (Europe).

Enguri Dam is the 2nd tallest dam in Europe. The installed capacity of Enguri Dam is 1,300MW, while its height is 271.50 meters.

 

 Compare Enguri Dam with Jinping-I Dam from China.

 Compare Enguri Dam with Yusufeli Dam from Turkey.


Yusufeli Dam.

Aerial view of Yusufeli Dam

Yusufeli Dam is located in Yusufeli, Artvin Province, Turkey (Europe). The arch dam was completed in 2021 (1 years old).

Yusufeli Dam is the 3rd tallest dam in Europe. The arch dam stands at a height of 270 meters and impounds up to 2.13 billion m3 of water. Yusufeli Dam has a structural volume of 2.90 million m3 and an installed capacity of 540MW.

 

 Compare Yusufeli Dam with Contra Dam from Switzerland.

 Compare Yusufeli Dam with Xiaowan Dam from China.


Mauvoisin Dam.

Mauvoisin (Youtube/ Diogo Marques)

Mauvoisin Dam is a 65-year-old arch dam (completed in 1957). It is located in Valais, Switzerland (Europe).

Mauvoisin Dam is the 2nd tallest dam in Switzerland. The arch dam has an installed capacity of 363MW. Mauvoisin Dam stands 250 meters tall and can impound up to 0.21 billion m3 of water.

 

 Compare Mauvoisin Dam with Goupitan Dam from China.

 Compare Mauvoisin Dam with Deriner Dam from Turkey.


Deriner Dam.

Deriner Dam - Europe's tallest hydroelectric dam (Youtube/ Bosch Rexroth US)

Deriner Dam is an arch dam located in Artvin Province, Turkey (Europe). It was completed in 2012 (10 years old).

Deriner Dam is the 2nd tallest dam in Turkey. The arch dam stands at a height of 249 meters and impounds up to 1.97 billion m3 of water. Deriner Dam has a structural volume of 3.40 million m3 and an installed capacity of 670MW.

 

 Compare Deriner Dam with Ermenek Dam from Turkey.

 Compare Deriner Dam with Xiaowan Dam from China.


Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam.

Russia‬: Sayano-Shushenskaya HPP (Youtube/John Sommers)

Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam is an arch-gravity dam located in Sayanogorsk, Khakassia, Russia (Europe). It was completed in 1985 (37 years old).

Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam is the tallest arch-gravity dam in the world. The installed capacity of Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam is 6,400MW. The arch-gravity dam stands 242 meters tall and can impound up to 31.30 billion m3 of water.

 

 Compare Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam with Hoover Dam from United States.

 Compare Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam with Berke Dam from Turkey.


Mratinje Dam.


Mratinje Dam is located in Piva River, Montenegro (Europe). The arch dam was completed in 1976 (46 years old).

The installed capacity of Mratinje Dam is 360MW. The arch dam stands 220 meters tall and can impound up to 0.88 billion m3 of water. Its structural volume is 0.73 million m3.

 

 Compare Mratinje Dam with Dez Dam from Iran.

 Compare Mratinje Dam with Goupitan Dam from China.


Dams Lists

Largest Dams by Installed Capacity (MW): world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Tallest Dams: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Dams with Largest Structural Volume: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Dams with Largest Reservoir Volume: world | Asia | Europe | North America | South America | USA | Canada | Australia | UK

Largest/tallest Dams by Type: Arch Dams | Embankment Dams | Gravity Dams | Arch-Gravity Dams | Buttress Dams


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