G20 Countries with the Largest Military Forces
This dataset contains 19 entries.

  Overview

Which G20 country has the largest military force?
The country with the largest military force is South Korea with a force strength of 6,712,500 personnel. At second and third, are India with a 5,137,500-strong military and China with a military force of 4,015,000 personnel.
In comparison, the average size of G20 military forces is around 1,487,757.9 military personnel.

 Compare South Korea with India


  Data Table

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  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Largest Militaries among G20 Countries
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The G20 or Group of Twenty is a forum that comprises that world's 19 largest economies and the European Union (EU), accounting for 90% of the gross world product and 80% of international trade.

DEFENSE SPENDING

Defense Budget. United States has the highest military budget at US$731,751M . Average size of defense budgets among G20 countries stand at US$82,819.9M.

Percentage of GDP on Defense. Saudi Arabia's defence budget makes up 8% of its GDP - the highest among G20 countries. On average, G20 countries spend %2.1 of their GDPs on defense.


FORCE STRUCTURE

Active Forces. China has the largest active military, with 2,185,000 personnel. Average size of active military forces among G20 countries stand at 495,431.6 personnel.

Reserve Forces. South Korea has the largest reserve military, with 3,100,000 personnel. On average, G20 countries maintain a reserve strength of 567,100.0 personnel.

Paramilitary Forces. South Korea has the largest paramilitary force, with 3,013,500 personnel. The average paramilitary force size is 425,226.3 personnel.

Total Military Force Per Capita. South Korea has the highest total military per capita at 130.5 per 1000 in population - the highest among G20 countries. The average total military force per capita for G20 countries is around 12.4 per 1000 in population.


These are the G20 countries with the largest military forces:

South Korea.

South Korea shows off military hardware in Armed Forces Day ceremony... with one eye on North Korea (ARIRANG NEWS)

The defence budget of South Korea is estimated at US$43,891M at around 2.70% of its GDP.

South Korea has the second-largest military force in the world. With a 6,712,500-strong military, South Korea has a per-capita ratio of 130.5 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 599,000 active personnel, 3,100,000 reserve personnel and 3,013,500 from paramilitary forces. Its per-capita military is the second-highest in the world.

On land, South Korea has a mobile force of 2,514 tanks. For aerial defence, South Korea has an air force of 587 military aircrafts and 273 attack helicopters.

South Korea's naval fleet is the second-largest in Asia. South Korea has a naval fleet of 86 vessels, including 23 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 14 frigates, 12 destroyers and 36 corvettes.

 

 Compare South Korea with Turkmenistan

 Compare South Korea with Azerbaijan


India.

India's Military Might On Display At Grand Republic Day Parade (Credit: Youtube/NDTV)

India has the third-highest defence budget in the world. India allocates about 2.40% of its GDP (estimated at US$71,125M) for its defence budget.

With a 5,137,500-strong military, India has a per-capita ratio of 4 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 1,455,550 active personnel (second-largest globally), 1,155,000 reserve personnel and 2,526,950 from paramilitary forces.

India has the third-largest battle tank force in Asia. On land, India has a mobile force of 6,464 tanks. For aerial defence, India has an air force of 544 military aircrafts and 23 attack helicopters.

India has a naval fleet of 69 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers, 2 nuclear submarines and 14 non-nuclear submarines. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 14 frigates, 11 destroyers and 26 corvettes.

 

 Compare India with Uzbekistan

 Compare India with Malaysia


China.

How is China strengthening its military? (Credit: Youtube/CGTN)

The country with the second-highest defence budget in the world is China. China's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$261,082M (1.90% of its GDP).

With a 4,015,000-strong military, China has a per-capita ratio of 2.9 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 2,185,000 active personnel (largest in the world), 1,170,000 reserve personnel and 660,000 from paramilitary forces.

China has the third-largest battle tank force in the world. On land, China has a mobile force of 9,000 tanks. For aerial defence, China has an air force of 2,615 military aircrafts and 450 attack helicopters.

China has the largest naval fleet in the world. China has a naval fleet of 270 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers, 14 nuclear submarines and 55 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 52 frigates, 36 destroyers and 42 corvettes.

 

 Compare China with Laos

 Compare China with Azerbaijan


Russia.

Russia's Military Capability: Six Days (Short Film) - Russian Armed Forces - Вооруженные силы России

Russia's defence budget is the highest in Europe. The defence budget of Russia is estimated at US$65,103M at around 3.90% of its GDP. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the second-highest in Europe.

Russia has the largest military force in Europe. With a 3,568,000-strong military, Russia has a per-capita ratio of 25.1 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 1,014,000 active personnel (largest in Europe), 2,000,000 reserve personnel and 554,000 from paramilitary forces.

Russia's battle tank force is the largest in the world. On land, Russia has a mobile force of 22,710 tanks. For aerial defence, Russia has an air force of 3,212 military aircrafts and 1,438 attack helicopters.

Russia's naval fleet is the third-largest in the world. Russia has a naval fleet of 220 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 59 nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 6 frigates, 18 destroyers and 78 corvettes.

 

 Compare Russia with Romania

 Compare Russia with Turkey


United States.

New U.S. Military Power 2020 | The Best Military In The World | How Powerful is USA? (Credit: Youtube/Daily US Military)

United States's defence budget is the highest in the world. United States allocates about 3.40% of its GDP (estimated at US$731,751M) for its defence budget. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the highest in North America.

United States has the largest military force in North America. United States has a military that is composed of 1,388,100 active personnel (third-largest in the world) and 844,950 in reserve, totalling 2,233,050 or 6.8 military personnel per 1000 in population.

United States's battle tank force is the largest in North America. On land, United States has a mobile force of 8,850 tanks. For aerial defence, United States has an air force of 14,061 military aircrafts and 3,720 attack helicopters.

United States's naval fleet is the second-largest in the world. United States has a naval fleet of 254 vessels, including 11 aircraft carriers and 70 nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 21 frigates, 69 destroyers and 27 corvettes.

 

 Compare United States with Panama

 Compare United States with Dominican Republic


Brazil.

Brazilian Armed Forces 2017 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Brazil's defence budget is the highest in South America. The defence budget of Brazil is estimated at US$26,946M at around 1.50% of its GDP.

Brazil has the largest military force in South America. With a 2,101,500-strong military, Brazil has a per-capita ratio of 10.1 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 366,500 active personnel (largest in South America), 1,340,000 reserve personnel and 395,000 from paramilitary forces.

Brazil's battle tank force is the largest in South America. On land, Brazil has a mobile force of 393 tanks. For aerial defence, Brazil has an air force of 292 military aircrafts and 78 attack helicopters.

Brazil has the largest naval fleet in South America. Brazil has a naval fleet of 24 vessels, including 5 non-nuclear submarines. Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 11 frigates, 3 destroyers and 4 corvettes.

 

 Compare Brazil with Argentina

 Compare Brazil with Guyana


Indonesia.

With a 1,075,500-strong military, Indonesia has a per-capita ratio of 4.1 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 395,500 active personnel, 400,000 reserve personnel and 280,000 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Indonesia has a mobile force of 378 tanks. For aerial defence, Indonesia has an air force of 97 military aircrafts and 45 attack helicopters.

Indonesia has a naval fleet of 36 vessels, including 2 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 11 frigates and 18 corvettes.

 

 Compare Indonesia with Pakistan

 Compare Indonesia with Nepal


Turkey.

How Strong Is Turkey's Military? (Credit: Youtube/Newsweek)

Turkey allocates about 2.70% of its GDP (estimated at US$20,448M) for its defence budget.

Turkey's military force is the third-largest in Europe. With a 890,700-strong military, Turkey has a per-capita ratio of 11 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 355,200 active personnel (second-largest in Europe), 378,700 reserve personnel and 156,800 from paramilitary forces.

Turkey's battle tank force is the second-largest in Europe. On land, Turkey has a mobile force of 2,504 tanks. For aerial defence, Turkey has an air force of 335 military aircrafts and 339 attack helicopters.

Turkey's naval fleet is the second-largest in Europe. Turkey has a naval fleet of 38 vessels, including 14 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 18 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Turkey with Albania

 Compare Turkey with North Macedonia


Mexico.

Mexican Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Mexico's military force is the third-largest in North America. Mexico has a military that is composed of 216,000 active personnel (second-largest in North America), 81,500 in reserve and 111,900 from paramilitary forces, totalling 409,400 or 3.3 military personnel per 1000 in population.

For aerial defence, Mexico has an air force of 81 military aircrafts and 65 attack helicopters.

 

 Compare Mexico with Panama

 Compare Mexico with El Salvador


Check out these military rankings by region and force type:

Gap Analysis  - Ukraine vs Russia | NATO vs Russia

Largest Militaries Worldwide  - by total force | by active force | by force per capita

Largest Militaries (region) - Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

NATO Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

G20 Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines | Nuclear

ASEAN Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy

Northeast Asia Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

Gap Analysis - NATO & Russia | Ukraine & Russia | China & Taiwan

Highest Military Budgets - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Largest Navy - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Most Submarines - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Largest Air Force - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Most Battle Tanks - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East


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