Europe - Countries with the Highest Military Spending

By  Vince J , views , updated
Categories: World General Europe
Dataset contains 44 data items (see table below).

Overview

Which country spends the most in defense in Europe?
The country with the highest defense budget in Europe is Russia at US$65,103M. At second and third, are France with a budget of US$50,119M and Germany with a military spending of US$49,277M.
The average military spending by countries in Europe is around US$8,519.9M.

 Compare Russia with Netherlands

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The above represents only a partial dataset — click here to rank, query and segment all 44 data items on the full dataset.

Percentage of GDP on Defense. Armenia's defence budget makes up 4.90% of its GDP - the highest in Europe. On average, countries in Europe spend %1.6 of their GDPs on defense.


These are the countries with the highest defense budgets in Europe:

Russia.

Russia's Military Capability: Six Days (Short Film) - Russian Armed Forces - Вооруженные силы России

Russia's defence budget is the highest in Europe. Russia's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$65,103M (3.90% of its GDP). Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the second-highest in Europe.

Russia has the largest military force in Europe. Russia has a military of 3,568,000 personnel, with 1,014,000 active (largest in Europe), 2,000,000 in reserve and 554,000 from paramilitary forces, making up 25.1 military personnel per 1000 in population.

Russia's battle tank force is the largest in the world. On land, Russia has a mobile force of 22,710 tanks. For aerial defence, Russia has an air force of 3,212 military aircrafts and 1,438 attack helicopters.

Russia's naval fleet is the third-largest in the world. Russia has a naval fleet of 220 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 59 nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 6 frigates, 18 destroyers and 78 corvettes.

 

 Compare Russia with Georgia

 Compare Russia with North Macedonia


France.

French Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

The country with the second-highest defence budget in Europe is France. The defence budget of France is estimated at US$50,119M at around 1.90% of its GDP.

France has a military of 375,100 personnel, with 203,250 active, 41,050 in reserve and 130,800 from paramilitary forces, making up 5.6 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, France has a mobile force of 200 tanks. For aerial defence, France has an air force of 395 military aircrafts and 293 attack helicopters.

France's naval fleet is the third-largest in Europe. France has a naval fleet of 36 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 10 nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 11 frigates and 11 destroyers.

 

 Compare France with Bulgaria

 Compare France with United Kingdom


Germany.

German Armed Forces 2020 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Germany has the third-highest defence budget in Europe. Germany's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$49,277M (1.30% of its GDP).

Germany has a military of 213,550 personnel, with 183,500 active and 30,050 in reserve, making up 2.7 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Germany has a mobile force of 410 tanks. For aerial defence, Germany has an air force of 245 military aircrafts and 43 attack helicopters.

Germany has a naval fleet of 21 vessels, including 5 non-nuclear submarines. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 11 frigates and 5 corvettes.

 

 Compare Germany with Denmark

 Compare Germany with Turkey


United Kingdom.

British Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

United Kingdom's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$48,650M (1.70% of its GDP).

With a 227,100-strong military, United Kingdom has a per-capita ratio of 3.5 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 148,500 active personnel and 78,600 reserve personnel.

On land, United Kingdom has a mobile force of 227 tanks. For aerial defence, United Kingdom has an air force of 278 military aircrafts and 285 attack helicopters.

United Kingdom's naval fleet is the second-largest in Europe. United Kingdom has a naval fleet of 38 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers and 11 nuclear submarines. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 13 frigates and 6 destroyers.

 

 Compare United Kingdom with Albania

 Compare United Kingdom with Poland


Italy.

Italian Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Italy's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$26,790M (1.40% of its GDP).

With a 359,550-strong military, Italy has a per-capita ratio of 5.8 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 165,500 active personnel, 18,300 reserve personnel and 175,750 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Italy has a mobile force of 200 tanks. For aerial defence, Italy has an air force of 258 military aircrafts and 211 attack helicopters.

Italy has a naval fleet of 30 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers and 6 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 10 frigates, 4 destroyers and 5 corvettes.

 

 Compare Italy with Russia

 Compare Italy with Serbia


Turkey.

How Strong Is Turkey's Military? (Credit: Youtube/Newsweek)

Turkey's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$20,448M (2.70% of its GDP).

Turkey's military force is the third-largest in Europe. Turkey has a military of 890,700 personnel, with 355,200 active (second-largest in Europe), 378,700 in reserve and 156,800 from paramilitary forces, making up 11 military personnel per 1000 in population.

Turkey's battle tank force is the second-largest in Europe. On land, Turkey has a mobile force of 2,504 tanks. For aerial defence, Turkey has an air force of 335 military aircrafts and 339 attack helicopters.

Turkey's naval fleet is the second-largest in Europe. Turkey has a naval fleet of 38 vessels, including 14 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 18 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Turkey with Netherlands

 Compare Turkey with Czech Republic


Check out these military rankings by region and force type:

Gap Analysis  - Ukraine vs Russia | NATO vs Russia

Largest Militaries Worldwide  - by total force | by active force | by force per capita

Largest Militaries (region) - Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

NATO Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

G20 Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines | Nuclear

ASEAN Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy

Northeast Asia Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

Gap Analysis - NATO & Russia | Ukraine & Russia | China & Taiwan

Highest Military Budgets - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Largest Navy - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Most Submarines - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Largest Air Force - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Most Battle Tanks - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East

Attributions