Europe - Countries with the Highest Military Spending
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  Overview

Which country spends the most in defense in Europe?
The country with the highest defense budget in Europe is Russia at US$65,103M. At second and third, are France with a budget of US$50,119M and Germany with a military spending of US$49,277M.
The average military spending by countries in Europe is around US$8,519.9M.

 Compare Russia with France


  Top 30 ranks, by budget in descending order ( rank and segment full dataset - 172 items )

Preparing data

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Percentage of GDP on Defense. Armenia's defence budget makes up 4.90% of its GDP - the highest in Europe. On average, countries in Europe spend %1.6 of their GDPs on defense.


These are the countries with the highest defense budgets in Europe:

Russia.

Russia's Military Capability: Six Days (Short Film) - Russian Armed Forces - Вооруженные силы России

Russia's defence budget is the highest in Europe. Russia allocates about 3.90% of its GDP (estimated at US$65,103M) for its defence budget. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the second-highest in Europe.

Russia has the largest military force in Europe. Russia has a military that is composed of 1,014,000 active personnel (largest in Europe), 2,000,000 in reserve and 554,000 from paramilitary forces, totalling 3,568,000 or 25.1 military personnel per 1000 in population.

Russia's battle tank force is the largest in the world. On land, Russia has a mobile force of 22,710 tanks. For aerial defence, Russia has an air force of 3,212 military aircrafts and 1,438 attack helicopters.

Russia's naval fleet is the third-largest in the world. Russia has a naval fleet of 220 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 59 nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 6 frigates, 18 destroyers and 78 corvettes.

 

 Compare Russia with Lithuania

 Compare Russia with Slovenia


France.

French Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

The country with the second-highest defence budget in Europe is France. France's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$50,119M (1.90% of its GDP).

France has a military of 375,100 personnel, with 203,250 active, 41,050 in reserve and 130,800 from paramilitary forces, making up 5.6 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, France has a mobile force of 200 tanks. For aerial defence, France has an air force of 395 military aircrafts and 293 attack helicopters.

France's naval fleet is the third-largest in Europe. France has a naval fleet of 36 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 10 nuclear submarines. Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 11 frigates and 11 destroyers.

 

 Compare France with Albania

 Compare France with Latvia


Germany.

German Armed Forces 2020 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Germany has the third-highest defence budget in Europe. Germany's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$49,277M (1.30% of its GDP).

Germany has a military of 213,550 personnel, with 183,500 active and 30,050 in reserve, making up 2.7 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Germany has a mobile force of 410 tanks. For aerial defence, Germany has an air force of 245 military aircrafts and 43 attack helicopters.

Germany has a naval fleet of 21 vessels, including 5 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 11 frigates and 5 corvettes.

 

 Compare Germany with Belgium

 Compare Germany with Armenia


United Kingdom.

British Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

The defence budget of United Kingdom is estimated at US$48,650M at around 1.70% of its GDP.

United Kingdom has a military that is composed of 148,500 active personnel and 78,600 in reserve, totalling 227,100 or 3.5 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, United Kingdom has a mobile force of 227 tanks. For aerial defence, United Kingdom has an air force of 278 military aircrafts and 285 attack helicopters.

United Kingdom's naval fleet is the second-largest in Europe. United Kingdom has a naval fleet of 38 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers and 11 nuclear submarines. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 13 frigates and 6 destroyers.

 

 Compare United Kingdom with Cyprus

 Compare United Kingdom with Latvia


Italy.

Italian Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Italy's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$26,790M (1.40% of its GDP).

With a 359,550-strong military, Italy has a per-capita ratio of 5.8 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 165,500 active personnel, 18,300 reserve personnel and 175,750 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Italy has a mobile force of 200 tanks. For aerial defence, Italy has an air force of 258 military aircrafts and 211 attack helicopters.

Italy has a naval fleet of 30 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers and 6 non-nuclear submarines. Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 10 frigates, 4 destroyers and 5 corvettes.

 

 Compare Italy with Latvia

 Compare Italy with Portugal


Turkey.

How Strong Is Turkey's Military? (Credit: Youtube/Newsweek)

Turkey allocates about 2.70% of its GDP (estimated at US$20,448M) for its defence budget.

Turkey's military force is the third-largest in Europe. Turkey has a military that is composed of 355,200 active personnel (second-largest in Europe), 378,700 in reserve and 156,800 from paramilitary forces, totalling 890,700 or 11 military personnel per 1000 in population.

Turkey's battle tank force is the second-largest in Europe. On land, Turkey has a mobile force of 2,504 tanks. For aerial defence, Turkey has an air force of 335 military aircrafts and 339 attack helicopters.

Turkey's naval fleet is the second-largest in Europe. Turkey has a naval fleet of 38 vessels, including 14 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 18 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Turkey with Slovenia

 Compare Turkey with Belgium


Spain.

Spanish Armed Forces 2019 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

The defence budget of Spain is estimated at US$17,177M at around 1.20% of its GDP.

Spain has a military that is composed of 120,350 active personnel, 15,150 in reserve and 75,800 from paramilitary forces, totalling 211,300 or 4.4 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Spain has a mobile force of 343 tanks. For aerial defence, Spain has an air force of 166 military aircrafts and 81 attack helicopters.

Spain has a naval fleet of 18 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers and 3 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 6 frigates and 5 destroyers.

 

 Compare Spain with Slovenia

 Compare Spain with Montenegro


Netherlands.

Vrouwen bij de Onderzeedienst/Women at the Submarine Service (Credit: Ministerie van Defensie)

Netherlands's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$12,060M (1.30% of its GDP).

Netherlands has a military that is composed of 35,400 active personnel, 4,500 in reserve and 5,900 from paramilitary forces, totalling 45,800 or 2.7 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Netherlands has a mobile force of 18 tanks. For aerial defence, Netherlands has an air force of 74 military aircrafts and 48 attack helicopters.

Netherlands has a naval fleet of 13 vessels, including 4 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 2 frigates and 4 destroyers.

 

 Compare Netherlands with Slovakia

 Compare Netherlands with Spain


Poland.

Polish Armed Forces 2017 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Poland allocates about 2% of its GDP (estimated at US$11,903M) for its defence budget.

Poland has a military of 189,450 personnel, with 114,050 active and 75,400 from paramilitary forces, making up 4.9 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Poland has a mobile force of 926 tanks. For aerial defence, Poland has an air force of 113 military aircrafts and 106 attack helicopters.

Poland has a naval fleet of 8 vessels, including 5 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 2 frigates and 1 corvettes.

 

 Compare Poland with Portugal

 Compare Poland with Spain


Check out these military rankings by region and force type:

Gap Analysis  - Ukraine vs Russia | NATO vs Russia

Largest Militaries Worldwide  - by total force | by active force | by force per capita

Largest Militaries (region) - Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

NATO Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

G20 Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines | Nuclear

ASEAN Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy

Northeast Asia Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

Gap Analysis - NATO & Russia | Ukraine & Russia | China & Taiwan

Highest Military Budgets - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Largest Navy - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Most Submarines - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Largest Air Force - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Most Battle Tanks - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: European Countries with Highest Military Budgets
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Chart 2: European Countries with Highest %GDP For Military Budgets
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