This list, Eight reasons for relocating Indonesia's capital out of Jakarta, contains 8 data items. The key items for Eight reasons for relocating Indonesia's capital out of Jakarta are Overpopulation @ Jakarta (35.6 million by 2030), Clean Water: Accessible to only 60% of population, Jakarta is sinking 17cm every year, The threat of 8.7-magnitude megathrust earthquakes, US$7B Traffic congestion problem, Jakarta's air pollution ranks 1st in ASEAN, Spurring economic growth - a US$33B relocation plan, Political recognition for other regions, .Description of Overpopulation @ Jakarta (35.6 million by 2030): <p>The Jakarta metropolitan area (Greater Jakarta) is expected to grow from 30 million people to 35.6 million people by 2030. While it may be among the world's top three largest metropolitan areas, Jakarta's infrastructure - housing, parking, roads, public transport, drinking water - may not be able to keep up with this growth.</p><p>Thus, relocating the capital to a new location may ameliorate the problem. Firstly, the relocation plan may involve relocating 1 to 1.5 million government employees and families, slightly reducing the population burdens on Jakarta. Secondly, moving to a new location can influence the population growth projection of Jakarta in a considerable way as work migrants may shift their destination to the new capital city, instead of Jakarta.</p>. Description of Clean Water: Accessible to only 60% of population: <p>Only 60% of the city population has access to clean water. The factors contributing to this problem include the slow pace of water pipe expansion to homes, issues on rampant water leakage as well as the availability of water resources that can be processed for drinking water. </p><p>The Jakarta Water Resources Council stated that the rivers in Jakarta could only supply 2.2 percent of the total demand for clean water, all of which came from the Krukut River, as the other rivers were too dirty or polluted to process. Most of the rivers are contaminated with high levels of toxic wastes and chemical. The rest of the raw water supply comes from the Cisadane River in Tangerang, Banten and the Jatiluhur Reservoir in West Java, which receives water from the Citarum River.</p><p>As the city administration takes over control of the tap water service (previously run by two private firms for two decades), Jakarta targets to achieve 82 percent tap water coverage by 2023 to keep up with the population growth. Thus, relocation of the capital city can ease the water issue indirectly, provided there is strong legislation and enforcement to deter further river contamination. President Jokowi stated that the availability of clean drinking water will be a major consideration in picking the new site.</p>. Description of Jakarta is sinking 17cm every year: <p>Due to insufficient piped access to clean water, households and businesses rely on private wells to draw their water from the ground. Due to excessive groundwater pumping as well as new construction, the ground foundation is weakened, leading to the almost irreversible sinking of the city.</p><p>Sinking at an average rate of 17cm every year, studies estimate the half of Jakarta could be submerged under water by 2030 and large parts of the mega-city could be entirely submerged by 2050. Already, the city has seen frequent flooding from encroaching sea water along the northern coast. One proposed solution is to erect an expensive Giant Sea Wall that runs more than 500 kilometers along the Jakarta coastline to resist and hold back the sea water as the city sinks slower.</p><p>Still, this poses too much potential risk and disruption to the government activities and operations in the coming years and is one of the key reasons for mulling the relocation.</p>. Description of The threat of 8.7-magnitude megathrust earthquakes: <p>While Jakarta is not located along a geological fault line, according to geologists, it could still feel the effects of earthquakes with epicenters more than 100 miles away. There are concerns of the effects of megathrust earthquakes exceeding 8.7 magnitude occurring near Jakarta. </p><p>One concern is that of the structural integrity of Jakarta's buildings, in particularly buildings lower than four stories, which may not have been built to withstand strong earthquake effects. More effort will need to be invested to inspect buildings and to research on mitigation methods. Another concern is the potential of tsunamis arising from earthquakes exceeding 8.7 magnitude in the Sunda Strait that may threaten Jakarta's coasts.</p><p>Thus, one of the key requirements of the site for the new capital will be a location with limited risks of earthquakes, volcano eruptions, tsunamis, floods and forest fires.</p>. Description of US$7B Traffic congestion problem: <p>With 17 million registered private vehicles plying the roads each day, Jakarta has one of the worst traffic congestion problems in the world, further worsened by rains and floods. According to government figures, the traffic congestion problems cost Jakarta some 65 trillion rupiah (US$4.5 billion) in economic and productivity losses. In fact, on occasion, government ministers would have to be escorted by police convoys in order to get to meetings on time.</p><p> The opening of the first mass rapid transit (MRT) system, a US$1.1 billion project, on 24 March 2019 is expected to improve the daily commuting traffic while reducing traffic-linked carbon emissions by about half. However, with the projected population growth to 35.6 billion people by 2030, the traffic issue will continue to be a challenging problem. Thus, the relocation to a new capital city can ease growth pressure on Jakarta and enable the traffic improvements and infrastructure to catch up.</p>. Description of Jakarta's air pollution ranks 1st in ASEAN: <p>According to a 2018 study by Greenpeace, Jakarta ranks first as the most polluted city in Southeast Asia. Contributing to the air pollution are the 17 million cars and motorcycles that ply the road daily. Another factor are the coal-fired steam power plants (PLTU) located around Jakarta, contributing to 33 to 36 percent of the air pollution. </p><p>The daily air quality average in Jakarta in 2018 was 45.3 micrograms pollutant particles per cubic meter, exceeding the limit set by the World Health Organization (WHO) of 25 micrograms per cubic meter.</p>. Description of Spurring economic growth - a US$33B relocation plan: <p>According to Planning Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro, building up a new capital could take between five to ten years and cost close to $33 billion.No site has been confirmed at this point. But the President and his team have visited and scouted several potential sites, including Balikpapan city (Bukit Soeharto) in East Kalimantan and Palangkaraya in Central Kalimantan.</p><p>Thus, the relocation will bring about deep economic benefits to the selected city and its surrounding regions from labor to infrastructure to industry development. </p>. Description of Political recognition for other regions: <p>Since independence, most of Indonesia's wealth has been concentrated in Jakarta. Indonesians living in farther-flung regions, outside of Java island, have long griped about being forgotten and neglected by the country's Jakarta-based government. If the capital is relocated out of Java island, then in the long term, the concentration of wealth and political power may diversify and spread more evenly across Indonesia. This would send a powerful political message that Indonesia is a country that progresses together with all its people, no matter where they are.</p>. This list tracks 0 properties. The tracked properties are .The default field that we focus on here in this list is name.