Deepest Lakes in Europe


This dataset captures 30 of the deepest lakes in Europe, from the top 4 deepest lakes in Norway to lakes in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, Switzerland and others.

Hornindalsvatnet Lake is Norway's and Europe's deepest lake with a maximum depth of 514 meters - the only European lake to exceed 500 meters in depth.The Hornindalsvatnet Lake covers a surface area of 51 km2 and holds 12.1 km3 of water.

Compare the deepest lakes of Europe and North America - Hornindalsvatnet Lake vs Great Slave Slake.

A Quick Scenic View of the Surroundings of Hornindalsvatnet Lake

  Top 30 ranks, by max depth in descending order

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The full dataset Lakes of the World contains 133 data items and you can smartly rank, query and segment data based on region.

  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Max Depth of Lakes in Europe
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The top 4 deepest lakes of Europe - Hornindalsvatnet Lake, Lake Salvatnet, Lake Tinn (Tinnsjå), Lake Mjøsa - are located in Norway, while the 5th deepest lake in Europe, Lake Como, is located in Italy. All top five lakes exceeded 400m in maximum depth.


Other Noteworthy Lakes.

 Lake Salvatnet is Norway's and Europe's second-deepest lake at 464 meters. Lake Salvatnet is a meromictic lake covering a surface area of 44 km2 and  holding 6.87 km3 of water  i.e. its water is permanently stratified, preserving records of the geologic past. The lower layer of the lake is highly saline and as a result denser than the higher levels of water.

Compare Lake Salvatnet with Lake Mjøsa, Norway's largest lake by area

Beautiful view of Lake Salvatnet in the icy winter


Lake Tinn (Tinnsjå) is Europe's third-deepest lake at 460 meters. The lake spreads over a surface area of 51 km2 and its water is found to contain traces of heavy water (deuterium oxide), due to sinking of the ferry SF Hydro during World War 2 (in 1994). SF Hydro was said to contain large quantities of heavy water produced at Vemork, a factory located in Rjukan, and was en route to Germany for purpose of nuclear weapon research.

Compare Lake Tinn of Norway with Loch Ness of Scotland

High view of Lake Tinn (Credit: Arne Martin Güettler/Wikimedia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license)


Lake Mjøsa is Norway's largest lake. By surface area, Lake Mjøsa covers an area of 362 km2, 7 times larger than Hornindalsvatnet Lake, Norway's and Europe's deepest lake. By volume, it holds 56 km3 of water, 4.5 times larger than Hornindalsvatnet Lake. Lake Mjøsa has a maximum depth of 449 meters and contains the island of Helgøya.

Compare Lake Mjøsa with Lake Garda, Italy's largest lake by area.

Photo of the largest and only island Helgøya in Lake Mjøsa. (Credit: Øyvind Holmstad under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license)

Lake Como  is deepest lake in Italy with a maximum depth of 425 meters. Located in Lombardy, it spans a surface of 146 km2 and holds a water volume of 22.5 km3. Lake Como is a popular tourist destination, well known for its landscapes, wildlife, and spas.

Compare Lake Como with Hornindalsvatnet Lake - Norway's deepest lake

Photo of the small town of Menaggio, as seen from Lake Como. (Credit: Thunderbirds12345/Wikipedia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.)

Lake Garda is the largest Lake in Italy, covering a surface area of close to 370 km2 and a volume of 50.35 km3, with a maximum depth of 346 meters.

Compare Lake Garda with Lake Maggiore - the largest and second-largest lakes of Italy

Photo of northern part of Lake Garda. (Source: Wikipedia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)

Lake Ladoga of Russia, with a maximum depth of 230m, is the largest lake situated entirely in Europe (with a volume of 908km3), and the 14th largest freshwater lake by area (surface area of 18,130km2) in the world. Ladoga is rich with fish varieties and features its own endemic seal, the Ladoga seal, like its brethren lake Lake Baikal and its endemic Baikal seal.

Compare great Russian lakes - Lake Ladoga with Lake Baikal,  the world's deepest lake.

File:White Sea Canal map.png

Locations of Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega (source:

Lake Onega. With a surface area of 9,700km2 (245km long and 90km wide) and at a maximum depth of 127m, Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe, after Lake Ladoga. The waters of Lake Onega houses close to 1,650 islands, totaling a land area of about 250km2, including the largest island Big Klimenetsky (147km2) and the famous Kizhi island, a state preservation area that houses 89 wooden architectural church monuments, including the Kizhi Pogost which is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Compare Lake Onega with Lake Ladoga

File:Церковь Преображения Господня на острове Кижи вид с вертолёта.jpg

Aerial view of Kizhi Island, including the Kizhi Pogost in center of photograph (source: Wikipedia, AleksandrBorisov)

Lake Vänern is the largest lake in Sweden and the E.U. with a maximum depth of 106m.It has a surface area of 5,545km2 and holds a water capacity of 153km3. The water level of the lake is regulated by the Vargön Hydroelectric Power Station

Compare Lake Vänern  with Lake Saimaa of Finland

File:Vänern by Sentinel-2.jpg

Satellite view of lake Vänern  (source: Copernicus Sentinel-2, ESA,

There's more to learn about the deepest lakes. Select any of the lists below:

  Lake Baikal and the world's deepest lakes

  Hornindalsvatnet Lake and Europe's deepest lakes

  Great Slave Lake and North America's deepest lakes

  O'Higgins-San Martín  and South America's deepest lakes

  Lake Baikal and Asia's deepest Lakes

  Tanganyika Lake and Africa's deepest lakes

Or check out the Largest Lakes in Europe.


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