Dataset of Russian Satellites Launched (Russia)
This dataset contains 165 entries. Scroll for more content  

  Overview

These are the 165 satellites operated or owned by organizations in Russia, based on the interactive table representation of the UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most of these satellites from Russia are launched for military use (41.8%) and for the purpose of communications (51.5%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 94 (57.0%) launched so far.


  Data Table

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  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Satellite Launches By Year
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Chart 2: Major Operators
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Chart 3: Satellites by Purpose
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  More..

Insights from Russia's Satellite Dataset

  Which year saw the most satellites launched for Russia?

That year is 2019, which saw 21 satellites launched.

  Who operates or owns the most satellites in Russia?

Ministry of Defense owns/operates the most number of satellites (94 - 57.0% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most satellites from Russia to space?

The rockets that has delivered the most satellites to space are Soyuz-2.1b and Rokot which have delivered 39 satellites (23.6%) respectively.

  Which launch site has launched the most satellites from Russia to space?

The launch site that has launched the most satellites to space is Plesetsk Cosmodrome which has launched 98 satellites (59.4%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Polar orbit is the most common type of orbit (54 satellites - 32.7%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 244km to 35,987km, with the average perigee being 10,669.7km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 472km to 39,754km, with the average apogee being 13,243.2km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 1,447 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 3kg to 7,000kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 55kg to 1,100kg.


Express-103.

Proton-M rocket launches Express-80 and Express-103 telecommunications satellites

Express-103 is a commercial satellite operated by Russian Satellite Communications Company (Russia) for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by ISS Reshetnev/Thales Alenia Space (Russia), it was launched into space on 30 July 2020 using Proton M as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Express-103 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 2,150kg, Express-103 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2020-053B and NORAD ID 45986.

With an orbital eccentricity of 4.74E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,781km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,785km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 97 degrees.

 

 Compare Express-103 with Kirameki 2 from Japan.

 Compare Express-103 with MUOS-2 from USA.


Yamal-401.

Russian Proton-M carrier rocket bearing Gazprom System’s Yamal-401 telecommunications

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Gazprom Space Systems into space at 2,976 kg

A commercial satellite, Yamal-401 is operated by Gazprom Space Systems of Russia for the purpose of communications.

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Proton M as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 15 December 2014. Yamal-401 was constructed by ISS Reshetnev (Russia).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2014-082A and NORAD ID 40345, Yamal-401 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 2,976 kg.

With an orbital eccentricity of 7.23E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,761km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,822km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 90 degrees.

 

 Compare Yamal-401 with Intelsat 905 from USA.

 Compare Yamal-401 with Skynet 5C from United Kingdom.


Cosmos 2550.

The Russian Kosmos Satellites

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Russia into space at 6,500 kg

Cosmos 2550 is a military satellite operated by Ministry of Defense (Russia) for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging and Electronic Intelligence).

Constructed by KB Arsenal, RKTs Progress (Russia), it was launched into space on 25 June 2021 using Soyuz 2.1b as the launch vehicle. Cosmos 2550 orbits around the Earth as a polar LEO satellite.

Cosmos 2550 has a launch mass of 6,500 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 5 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2021-056A and NORAD ID 48865.

With an orbital eccentricity of 8.62E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 587km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 599km. It takes 96 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 35 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Cosmos 2550 with SkySat-14 from USA.

 Compare Cosmos 2550 with Starlink-1234 from USA.


Gonets M-26.

Rokot launches Blits-M and Gonets-M satellites

  Heaviest satellite launched by Gonets Satcom into space at 280 kg

Operated by Gonets Satcom of Russia, Gonets M-26 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Delivered via Rokot (launch vehicle) from Plesetsk Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 26 December 2019 and orbits the Earth as a polar LEO satellite. Gonets M-26 was constructed by ISS Reshetnev (Russia).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2019-096C and NORAD ID 44907, Gonets M-26 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 7 years. It has a launch mass of 280 kg.

With an orbital eccentricity of 4.45E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 1,500km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 1,507km. It takes 116 minutes to orbit the Earth.

With generated usable power of 120 watts, Gonets M-26 orbits at an inclination of 83 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Gonets M-26 with Dove 3p-64 from USA.

 Compare Gonets M-26 with Starlink-2602 from USA.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Attributions

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