Dataset of Military Satellites in Space
This dataset contains 403 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of military satellites, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most military satellites are launched for the purpose of earth observation (49.6%).Most military satellites are launched for the purpose of earth observation (49.6%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 286 (71.0%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the military satellite dataset

  Which year saw the most military satellites launched?

That year is 2021, which saw 44 military satellites launched.

  Who operates or owns the most military satellites?

Ministry of Defense owns/operates the most number of military satellites (76 - 18.9% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most military satellites?

USA owns/operates the most number of military satellites (189 - 46.9% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most military satellites to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most military satellites to space is Atlas 5 which has delivered 60 satellites (14.9%).

  Which launch site has launched the most military satellites to space?

The launch site that has delivered the most military satellites to space is Cape Canaveral which has launched 102 military satellites (25.3%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Non-Polar Inclined orbit is the most common type of orbit (145 satellites - 36.0%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 150km to 35,897km, with the average perigee being 8,701.3km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 150km to 39,966km, with the average apogee being 10,625.4km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 1,439 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 20,000kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 260kg to 10,000kg.


Highlights on some of the military satellites:

STPSat-4.

Time Lapse of Deployment of STPsat-4 From the ISS

  Third heaviest satellite launched by USAF Space Test Program into space at 10 kg

Designed for technology development, STPSat-4 is a military satellite operated by USAF Space Test Program (USA).

A non-polar inclined LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Manual deployment as the launch vehicle from International Space Station on 28 January 2020. STPSat-4 was constructed by USAFSpace Force Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC)NASA (USA).

With a launch mass of 10kg, STPSat-4 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 1 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 1998-067QY and NORAD ID 45043.

With an orbital eccentricity of 5.16E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 415km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 422km. It takes 93 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 52 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare STPSat-4 with Iridium Next 126 from USA.

 Compare STPSat-4 with Saudisat-5A from Saudi Arabia.


Aerocube 14A.

AeroCubes - The Aerospace Corporation

Operated by Aerospace Corporation of USA, Aerocube 14A is a military satellite launched for the purpose of technology development.

Constructed by Aerospace Corporation (USA), it was launched into space using Nanorack Deployer as the launch vehicle from Cygnus on 31 January 2020. Aerocube 14A orbits around the Earth as a non-polar inclined LEO satellite.

Aerocube 14A navigates with the COSPAR ID 2019-071D and NORAD ID 45114.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.10E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 459km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 474km. It takes 94 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 52 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Aerocube 14A with Cassiope from Canada.

 Compare Aerocube 14A with Tyvak 0173 from USA.


Yaogan 30-9-1.

Long March-2C launches Yaogan-30-09 and Tianqi-14

A military satellite, Yaogan 30-9-1 is operated by Chinese Ministry of National Defense of China for the purpose of earth observation (Electronic Intelligence).

Constructed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) (China), it was launched into space on 18 June 2021 using Long March 2C as the launch vehicle from Xichang Satellite Launch Center. Yaogan 30-9-1 orbits around the Earth as a non-polar inclined LEO satellite.

Yaogan 30-9-1 orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2021-055A and NORAD ID 48860.

With an orbital eccentricity of 6.46E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 592km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 601km. It takes 96 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 35 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Yaogan 30-9-1 with STPSat-4 from USA.

 Compare Yaogan 30-9-1 with SkySat-7 from USA.


Cosmos 2550.

The Russian Kosmos Satellites

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Russia into space at 6,500 kg

Cosmos 2550 is a military satellite operated by Ministry of Defense (Russia) for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging and Electronic Intelligence).

A polar LEO satellite, it was launched into space by KB Arsenal, RKTs Progress (Russia) using Soyuz 2.1b as the launch vehicle on 25 June 2021. Cosmos 2550 was constructed by KB Arsenal, RKTs Progress (Russia).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2021-056A and NORAD ID 48865, Cosmos 2550 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 5 years. It has a launch mass of 6,500 kg.

Taking 96 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 587km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 599km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 8.62E-04 and it orbits at an inclination of 35 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Cosmos 2550 with Dove 3k-11 from USA.

 Compare Cosmos 2550 with Starlink-1629 from USA.


Monolith.

tron launches Monolith

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Air Force Research Laboratory into space at 20 kg

Monolith is a military satellite operated by Air Force Research Laboratory (USA) for the purpose of technology development.

Constructed by Space Dynamics Laboratory, Utah State University (USA), it was launched into space on 29 July 2021 using Electron as the launch vehicle from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1. Monolith orbits around the Earth as a non-polar inclined LEO satellite.

Monolith has a launch mass of 20 kg and orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2021-068A and NORAD ID 49052.

With an orbital eccentricity of 7.89E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 598km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 609km. It orbits the Earth at an inclination of 37 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Monolith with Cosmos 2428 from Russia.

 Compare Monolith with Starlink-1393 from USA.


ANASIS-II.

S. Korea's Anasis II satellite reaches final position in geostationary orbit

Operated by Agency for Defense Development of South Korea, ANASIS-II is a military satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Airbus Defense and Space (France/UK/Germany/Spain), it was launched into space using Falcon 9 as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral on 20 July 2020. ANASIS-II orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

ANASIS-II is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2020-048A and NORAD ID 45920.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,781km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,792km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.30E-04 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of 116 degrees.

 

 Compare ANASIS-II with BSAT-4B from Japan.

 Compare ANASIS-II with Gaofen 13 from China.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
Preparing chart
Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
Preparing chart
Chart 3: Satellites by Country
Preparing chart

  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
...

Disclaimer :Please be advised that RList does not endorse nor guarantee the completeness, accuracy, reliability or validity of any information published by our member curators herein. For more details, please refer to our Website Terms of Use.