Dataset of GEO Satellites in Space (Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit)
This dataset contains 564 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of GEO satellites, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most GEO satellites are launched for commercial use (55.1%) and for the purpose of communications (83.0%).


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the GEO satellite dataset

  Which year saw the most GEO satellites launched?

That year is 2015, which saw 38 GEO satellites launched.

  Who operates or owns the most GEO satellites?

SES S.A. owns/operates the most number of GEO satellites (49 - 8.7% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most GEO satellites?

USA owns/operates the most number of GEO satellites (178 - 31.6% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most GEO satellites to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most GEO satellites to space is Ariane 5 which has delivered 81 satellites (14.4%).

  Which launch site has launched the most GEO satellites to space?

The launch site that has delivered the most GEO satellites to space is Guiana Space Center which has launched 183 GEO satellites (32.4%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 483km to 37,782km, with the average perigee being 35,672.9km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 35,170km to 38,950km, with the average apogee being 35,842.2km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 1,462 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 800kg to 8,000kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 280kg to 5,624kg.


Highlights on some of the government satellites:

MUOS-2.

U.S. Navy's second Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-2)

  Heaviest satellite launched by DoD And US Navy into space at 6,804 kg

MUOS-2 is a military satellite operated by DoD and US Navy (USA) for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space (USA), it was launched into space using Atlas 5 as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral on 19 July 2013. MUOS-2 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designed with an operational lifetime of 12 years, MUOS-2 has a launch mass of 6,804 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2013-036A and NORAD ID 39206.

MUOS-2 orbits along the longitude of -100 degrees at an inclination of 4 degrees.

The satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,550km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 36,023km. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 5.61E-03 and it takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

 

 Compare MUOS-2 with Athena-Fidus from France/Italy.

 Compare MUOS-2 with Zhongxing 20A from China.


AsiaSat-9.

AsiaSat 9 Removal from Container @ Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Third heaviest satellite launched by China into space at 6,140 kg

AsiaSat-9 is a commercial satellite operated by Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. (China) for the purpose of communications.

Delivered via Proton (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 28 September 2017 and orbits the Earth as a GEO satellite. AsiaSat-9 was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

AsiaSat-9 has a launch mass of 6,140 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 15 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2017-057A and NORAD ID 42942.

With an orbital eccentricity of 8.30E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,783km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,790km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 122 degrees.

 

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with TJS-5 from China.

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with Echostar 19 from USA.


INMARSAT 5 F2.

Inmarsat-5 F2 Satellite Mission Profile

  Heaviest satellite launched by United Kingdom into space at 6,105 kg

Operated by INMARSAT, Ltd. of United Kingdom, INMARSAT 5 F2 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Boeing Corp. (USA), it was launched into space using Proton M as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 1 February 2015. INMARSAT 5 F2 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designed with an operational lifetime of 15 years, INMARSAT 5 F2 has a launch mass of 6,105 kg and dry mass of 3,360 kg. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2015-005A and NORAD ID 40384.

Using its self-produced usable power of 13000 watts, INMARSAT 5 F2 orbits along the longitude of -55 degrees.

The satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,784km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,789km. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 5.93E-05 and it takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

 

 Compare INMARSAT 5 F2 with INMARSAT 4 F1 from United Kingdom.

 Compare INMARSAT 5 F2 with Horizons 3e from USA/Japan.


Meteosat 11.

Meteosat: The Operational Capability of a Two Satellite System

  Second heaviest satellite launched by EUMETSAT (European Organization For The Exploitation Of Meteorological Satellites) into space at 2,000 kg

Designed for earth observation (Earth Science and Meterology), Meteosat 11 is a government and civil satellite operated by EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) (Multinational).

Constructed by Thales Alenia Space (France/Italy), it was launched into space using Ariane 5 ECA as the launch vehicle from Guiana Space Center on 15 July 2015. Meteosat 11 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Meteosat 11 has a launch mass of 2,000 kg (dry mass at 1,200 kg) and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 12 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2015-034A and NORAD ID 40732.

With an orbital eccentricity of 4.74E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,791km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,795km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 3 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Meteosat 11 with BSAT-3A from Japan.

 Compare Meteosat 11 with Arabsat 7F from Multinational.


Optus 10.

Australia’s largest and most experienced satellite owner and operator

  Heaviest satellite launched by Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom) into space at 3,270 kg

A commercial satellite, Optus 10 is operated by Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom) of Australia for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA), it was launched into space using Ariane 5 ECA as the launch vehicle from Guiana Space Center on 11 September 2014. Optus 10 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designed with an operational lifetime of 15 years, Optus 10 has a launch mass of 3,270 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2014-054A and NORAD ID 40146.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,772km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,802km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 3.56E-04 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of 164 degrees.

 

 Compare Optus 10 with MUOS-1 from USA.

 Compare Optus 10 with MEV-1 from USA.


Astra 2F.

The making of an SES satellite - ASTRA 2F

A commercial satellite, Astra 2F is operated by SES S.A. of Luxembourg for the purpose of communications.

Delivered via Ariane 5 ECA (launch vehicle) from Guiana Space Center, it was launched into space on 28 September 2012 and orbits the Earth as a GEO satellite. Astra 2F was constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany).

Astra 2F has a launch mass of 6,000 kg (dry mass at 2,660 kg) and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 15 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2012-051A and NORAD ID 38778.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,777km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,795km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 2.13E-04 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of 28 degrees.

 

 Compare Astra 2F with Hellas-Sat 4 from Greece.

 Compare Astra 2F with NigComSat-1R from Nigeria.


EDRS-C.

EDRS-C SpaceDataHighway

  Second heaviest satellite launched by ESA into space at 3,186 kg

EDRS-C is a commercial satellite operated by Airbus (ESA) for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by OHB Germany (Germany), it was launched into space on 6 August 2019 using Ariane 5 as the launch vehicle from Guiana Space Center. EDRS-C orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

EDRS-C has a launch mass of 3,186 kg and orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2019-049A and NORAD ID 44475.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,782km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,790km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 9.49E-05 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of 31 degrees.

 

 Compare EDRS-C with GSAT-16 from India.

 Compare EDRS-C with Zhongxing 2E from China.


Zhongxing 2E.

China launches Zhongxing-2E satellite

  Second heaviest satellite launched by China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom) into space at 5,200 kg

Designed for communications, Zhongxing 2E is a government and commercial satellite operated by China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom) (China).

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Long March 3B as the launch vehicle from Xichang Satellite Launch Center on 5 August 2021. Zhongxing 2E was constructed by China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) (China).

Zhongxing 2E has a launch mass of 5,200 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 15 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2021-071A and NORAD ID 49062.

With an orbital eccentricity of 8.30E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,783km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,790km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

 

 Compare Zhongxing 2E with Beidou DW 55 from China.

 Compare Zhongxing 2E with DirecTV-9S from USA.


Telstar 19 Vantage.

Telstar 19 VANTAGE deployment

  Third heaviest GEO satellite launched into space at 7,075 kg

Designed for communications, Telstar 19 Vantage is a commercial satellite operated by Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.) (Canada).

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Falcon 9 as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral on 22 July 2018. Telstar 19 Vantage was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

With a launch mass of 7,075kg, Telstar 19 Vantage is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2018-059A and NORAD ID 43562.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.42E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,780km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,792km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of -63 degrees.

 

 Compare Telstar 19 Vantage with TianLian 2.01 from China.

 Compare Telstar 19 Vantage with Yahsat-1A from United Arab Emirates.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
Preparing chart
Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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