Dataset of Commercial Satellites in Space
This dataset contains 3207 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of commercial satellites, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most commercial satellites are launched for the purpose of communications (79.5%).Most commercial satellites are launched for the purpose of communications (79.5%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 2847 (88.8%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the commercial satellite dataset

  Which year saw the most commercial satellites launched?

That year is 2021, which saw 1216 commercial satellites launched.

  Who operates or owns the most commercial satellites?

SpaceX owns/operates the most number of commercial satellites (1655 - 51.6% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most commercial satellites?

USA owns/operates the most number of commercial satellites (2344 - 73.1% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most commercial satellites to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most commercial satellites to space is Falcon 9 which has delivered 1902 satellites (59.3%).

  Which launch site has launched the most commercial satellites to space?

The launch site that has delivered the most commercial satellites to space is Cape Canaveral which has launched 1915 commercial satellites (59.7%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Non-Polar Inclined orbit is the most common type of orbit (1836 satellites - 57.2%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 258km to 36,000km, with the average perigee being 4,226.7km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 280km to 47,100km, with the average apogee being 4,282.3km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 1,450 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 7,075kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 6kg to 5,624kg.


Highlights on some of the commercial satellites:

Radarsat-2.

The Making of a Satellite – The RADARSAT Constellation

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Soyuz into space at 2,924 kg

Designed for earth observation (Radar Imaging), Radarsat-2 is a commercial satellite operated by MDA Corporation (Canada).

Constructed by MacDonald, Dettwiler/Thales Alenia Spazio (Canada/Italy), it was launched into space using Soyuz as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 14 December 2007. Radarsat-2 orbits around the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 2,924kg, Radarsat-2 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 7 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2007-061A and NORAD ID 32382.

Taking 101 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 791km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 793km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.40E-04 and it orbits at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Radarsat-2 with OVS-3 from China.

 Compare Radarsat-2 with Astrocast-0103 from Switzerland.


Beijing-3.

China launches Long March 2D rocket carrying Beijing-3 and three other satellites

Designed for earth observation (Optical Imaging), Beijing-3 is a commercial satellite operated by 21st Century Aerospace Technology (21AT) (China).

Delivered via Long March 2D (launch vehicle) from Taiyuan Launch Center, it was launched into space on 11 June 2021 and orbits the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite. Beijing-3 was constructed by Chinese Academy of Space Technology (CASC) (China).

Beijing-3 navigates with the COSPAR ID 2021-050A and NORAD ID 48840.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.09E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 487km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 502km. It takes 95 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Beijing-3 with Tyvak 0173 from USA.

 Compare Beijing-3 with Hawk-A from USA.


Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01.

Long March-11 launches Jilin-1 Gaofen-03-1 from a ship at sea

  Second heaviest satellite launched from Yellow Sea Launch Platform into space at 40 kg

Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 is a commercial satellite operated by Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd. (China) for the purpose of earth observation (Optical Imaging).

A sun-synchronous LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Long March 11 as the launch vehicle from Yellow Sea Launch Platform on 14 September 2020. Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 was constructed by Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd. (China).

Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 has a launch mass of 40 kg and orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2020-065A and NORAD ID 46454.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.16E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 531km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 547km. It takes 95 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 with Starlink-2729 from USA.

 Compare Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 with SpaceBEE-59 from USA.


JCSat18/Kacific 1.

Boeing-built JCSAT-18/Kacific1 Satellite

  Third heaviest satellite launched into space in 2019 at 6,956 kg

A commercial satellite, JCSat18/Kacific 1 is operated by Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation and Kacific of Japan/Singapore for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Boeing Satellite Systems (USA), it was launched into space on 17 December 2019 using Falcon 9 as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral. JCSat18/Kacific 1 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designated with COSPAR ID 2019-091A and NORAD ID 44868, JCSat18/Kacific 1 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 6,956 kg.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,779km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,800km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 2.49E-04 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of 150 degrees.

 

 Compare JCSat18/Kacific 1 with Fengyun 4B from China.

 Compare JCSat18/Kacific 1 with Yamal-202 from Russia.


Express-103.

Proton-M rocket launches Express-80 and Express-103 telecommunications satellites

A commercial satellite, Express-103 is operated by Russian Satellite Communications Company of Russia for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by ISS Reshetnev/Thales Alenia Space (Russia), it was launched into space using Proton M as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 30 July 2020. Express-103 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 2,150kg, Express-103 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2020-053B and NORAD ID 45986.

With an orbital eccentricity of 4.74E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,781km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,785km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 97 degrees.

 

 Compare Express-103 with Amos 4 from Israel.

 Compare Express-103 with Galaxy-16 from USA.


Gonets M-26.

Rokot launches Blits-M and Gonets-M satellites

  Heaviest satellite launched by Gonets Satcom into space at 280 kg

Operated by Gonets Satcom of Russia, Gonets M-26 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

A polar LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Rokot as the launch vehicle from Plesetsk Cosmodrome on 26 December 2019. Gonets M-26 was constructed by ISS Reshetnev (Russia).

With a launch mass of 280kg, Gonets M-26 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 7 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2019-096C and NORAD ID 44907.

Taking 116 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 1,500km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 1,507km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 4.45E-04.

With generated usable power of 120 watts, Gonets M-26 orbits at an inclination of 83 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Gonets M-26 with Starlink-2403 from USA.

 Compare Gonets M-26 with Lemur 2F52 from USA.


TeLEOS 1.

TeLEOS-1, made-in-Singapore earth observation satellite

  Heaviest satellite launched by Singapore into space at 400 kg

A commercial satellite, TeLEOS 1 is operated by AgilSpace of Singapore for the purpose of earth observation (Optical Imaging).

Constructed by ST Electronics Ltd. (Singapore), it was launched into space on 16 December 2015 using PSLV C29 as the launch vehicle from Satish Dhawan Space Centre. TeLEOS 1 orbits around the Earth as a equatorial LEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 400kg, TeLEOS 1 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 5 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2015-077D and NORAD ID 41169.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.08E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 535km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 550km. It takes 96 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 15 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare TeLEOS 1 with Lemur 2 Ozarak from USA.

 Compare TeLEOS 1 with TanDEM-X from Germany.


Tyvak 0173.

Tyvak 3U CubeSat Time-lapse

  Heaviest satellite launched by Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc. into space at 12 kg

Designed for technology demonstration, Tyvak 0173 is a commercial satellite operated by Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc. (USA).

A sun-synchronous LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Falcon 9 as the launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral on 30 June 2021. Tyvak 0173 was constructed by Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems (USA).

Tyvak 0173 has a launch mass of 12 kg and orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2021-059P and NORAD ID 48892.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.01E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 521km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 535km. It takes 95 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Tyvak 0173 with Sentinel 3B from ESA.

 Compare Tyvak 0173 with USA 314 from USA.


Centauri-1.

Fleet Space Technologies - Mission Control Centre

  Heaviest satellite launched by Fleet Space Technologies into space at 4 kg

Centauri-1 is a commercial satellite operated by Fleet Space Technologies (Australia) for the purpose of communications.

A sun-synchronous LEO satellite, it was launched into space using PSLV as the launch vehicle from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 29 November 2018. Centauri-1 was constructed by Pumpkin Space Systems (USA).

Centauri-1 has a launch mass of 4 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2018-099BD and NORAD ID 43809.

Taking 95 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 476km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 500km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.75E-03 and it orbits at an inclination of 97 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Centauri-1 with Yaogan 30-9-1 from China.

 Compare Centauri-1 with Starlink-1131 from USA.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
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Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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