Dataset of Civil Use Satellites in Space
This dataset contains 146 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of civil satellites, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most civil satellites are launched for the purpose of technology development (45.9%).Most civil satellites are launched for the purpose of technology development (45.9%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 143 (97.9%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the civil satellite dataset

  Which year saw the most civil satellites launched?

That year is 2018, which saw 27 civil satellites launched.

  Who operates or owns the most civil satellites?

Technical University Berlin owns/operates the most number of civil satellites (12 - 8.2% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most civil satellites?

USA owns/operates the most number of civil satellites (31 - 21.2% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most civil satellites to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most civil satellites to space is Soyuz-2.1a which has delivered 17 satellites (11.6%).

  Which launch site has launched the most civil satellites to space?

The launch site that has delivered the most civil satellites to space is Satish Dhawan Space Centre which has launched 17 civil satellites (11.6%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Sun-Synchronous orbit is the most common type of orbit (108 satellites - 74.0%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 301km to 1,885km, with the average perigee being 552.2km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 406km to 2,165km, with the average apogee being 591.1km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 127 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 123kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 7kg.


Highlights on some of the civil satellites:

SpooQy-1.

600 days of the SpooQy-1 mission presented by Alexander Ling, National University of Singapore

Designed for space science, SpooQy-1 is a civil satellite operated by National University of Singapore (Singapore).

Constructed by National University of Singapore, Center for Quantum Technologies (Singapore), it was launched into space using Japanese Experiment Module as the launch vehicle from International Space Station on 17 June 2019. SpooQy-1 orbits around the Earth as a non-polar inclined LEO satellite.

SpooQy-1 has a launch mass of 4 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 1998-067QH and NORAD ID 44332.

Taking 93 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 405km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 415km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 7.37E-04 and it orbits at an inclination of 52 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare SpooQy-1 with Lemur 2F71 from USA.

 Compare SpooQy-1 with Starlink-1890 from USA.


S-Net-1.

SNET mission: S-Band network of distributed nano satellites

Operated by Technical University Berlin of Germany, S-Net-1 is a civil satellite launched for the purpose of technology development.

Delivered via Soyuz-2.1a (launch vehicle) from Vostochny Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 31 January 2018 and orbits the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite. S-Net-1 was constructed by Technical University Berlin (Germany).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2018-014G and NORAD ID 43186, S-Net-1 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 1 years. It has a launch mass of 9 kg.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.15E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 572km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 588km. It takes 96 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare S-Net-1 with OneWeb-0276 from United Kingdom.

 Compare S-Net-1 with Starlink-1057 from USA.


Aalto-1.

Aalto-1 – the first Finnish satellite

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Finland into space at 5 kg

Aalto-1 is a civil satellite operated by Aalto University (Finland) for the purpose of technology development.

Constructed by Aalto University (Finland), it was launched into space using PSLV as the launch vehicle from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 23 June 2017. Aalto-1 orbits around the Earth as a LEO satellite.

Designated with COSPAR ID 2017-036L and NORAD ID 42775, Aalto-1 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 2 years. It has a launch mass of 5 kg.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.45E-03, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 497km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 517km. It takes 95 minutes to orbit the Earth.

With generated usable power of 5 watts, Aalto-1 orbits at an inclination of 97 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Aalto-1 with Starlink-2617 from USA.

 Compare Aalto-1 with Palisade from USA.


SALSAT.

Spectrum Analysis from the Low Earth Orbit – The SALSAT (Spectrum AnaLysis SATellite) Missio

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Technical University Berlin into space at 12 kg

Operated by Technical University Berlin of Germany, SALSAT is a civil satellite launched for the purpose of space science.

Constructed by Technical University Berlin (Germany), it was launched into space on 28 September 2020 using Soyuz-2.1b as the launch vehicle from Plesetsk Cosmodrome. SALSAT orbits around the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite.

SALSAT has a launch mass of 12 kg and orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2020-068K and NORAD ID 46495.

Taking 96 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 546km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 568km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.59E-03 and it orbits at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare SALSAT with Cryosat-2 from ESA.

 Compare SALSAT with Aeolus from ESA.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
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Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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