Baikonur Cosmodrome - Dataset of Satellites From Launch Site
This dataset contains 381 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome are intended for commercial use (77.2%) and for the purpose of communications (69.8%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 238 (62.5%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Which year saw the most satellites launched?

That year is 2020, which saw the launch of 70 satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.

  Who operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

OneWeb Satellites owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (102 - 26.8% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

United Kingdom owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (107 - 28.1% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space is Soyuz-2.1b which has delivered 80 satellites (21.0%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Polar orbit is the most common type of orbit for satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (106 satellites - 27.8%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 401km to 36,000km, with the average perigee being 12,604.8km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 422km to 330,000km, with the average apogee being 15,269.1km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 11,520 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 6,900kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 12kg to 3,750kg.


Highlights on some of the satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome:

Echostar 21.

SpaceX Launches Echostar Satellite with Used Rocket

  Heaviest satellite launched by Echostar Satellite Services, LLC into space at 6,900 kg

Echostar 21 is a commercial satellite operated by Echostar Satellite Services, LLC (USA) for the purpose of communications.

Delivered via Proton (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 7 June 2017 and orbits the Earth as a GEO satellite. Echostar 21 was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

Designed with an operational lifetime of 15 years, Echostar 21 has a launch mass of 6,900 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2017-032A and NORAD ID 42749.

With an orbital eccentricity of 3.08E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,773km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,799km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

Echostar 21 orbits along the longitude of 10 degrees at an inclination of 7 degrees.

 

 Compare Echostar 21 with Yamal-601 from Russia.

 Compare Echostar 21 with JCSat 17 from Japan.


Cryosat-2.

CryoSat and climate change

Cryosat-2 is a government satellite operated by European Space Agency (ESA) (ESA) for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging).

Constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain), it was launched into space using Dnepr as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 8 April 2010. Cryosat-2 orbits around the Earth as a polar LEO satellite.

Designed with an operational lifetime of 3 years, Cryosat-2 has a launch mass of 720 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2010-013A and NORAD ID 36508.

Taking 99 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 713km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 724km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 7.76E-04 and it orbits at an inclination of 92 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Cryosat-2 with Arkyd-6A from USA.

 Compare Cryosat-2 with Sentinel 2B from ESA.


Radarsat-2.

The Making of a Satellite – The RADARSAT Constellation

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Soyuz into space at 2,924 kg

Operated by MDA Corporation of Canada, Radarsat-2 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging).

Delivered via Soyuz (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 14 December 2007 and orbits the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite. Radarsat-2 was constructed by MacDonald, Dettwiler/Thales Alenia Spazio (Canada/Italy).

Radarsat-2 has a launch mass of 2,924 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 7 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2007-061A and NORAD ID 32382.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.40E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 791km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 793km. It takes 101 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Radarsat-2 with CYGNSS-A from USA.

 Compare Radarsat-2 with Starlink-2151 from USA.


AsiaSat-9.

AsiaSat 9 Removal from Container @ Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Third heaviest satellite launched by China into space at 6,140 kg

Designed for communications, AsiaSat-9 is a commercial satellite operated by Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. (China).

Delivered via Proton (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 28 September 2017 and orbits the Earth as a GEO satellite. AsiaSat-9 was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

Designed with an operational lifetime of 15 years, AsiaSat-9 has a launch mass of 6,140 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2017-057A and NORAD ID 42942.

With an orbital eccentricity of 8.30E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,783km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,790km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 122 degrees.

 

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with Es'hail-1 from Multinational.

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with SES-3 from Luxembourg.


INMARSAT 5 F2.

Inmarsat-5 F2 Satellite Mission Profile

  Heaviest satellite launched by United Kingdom into space at 6,105 kg

Operated by INMARSAT, Ltd. of United Kingdom, INMARSAT 5 F2 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Delivered via Proton M (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 1 February 2015 and orbits the Earth as a GEO satellite. INMARSAT 5 F2 was constructed by Boeing Corp. (USA).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2015-005A and NORAD ID 40384, INMARSAT 5 F2 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 6,105 kg and dry mass of 3,360 kg.

Using its self-produced usable power of 13000 watts, INMARSAT 5 F2 orbits along the longitude of -55 degrees.

The satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,784km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,789km. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 5.93E-05 and it takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

 

 Compare INMARSAT 5 F2 with SGDC from Brazil.

 Compare INMARSAT 5 F2 with SES-11/EchoStar 105 from Luxembourg.


MetOp-A.

Goodbye, Metop A

  Heaviest satellite launched by ESA And EUMETSAT (European Organization For The Exploitation Of Meterological Satellites) into space at 4,193 kg

Operated by ESA and EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites) of Multinational, MetOp-A is a government and civil satellite launched for the purpose of earth observation (Earth Science and Meterology).

Constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain), it was launched into space on 19 October 2006 using Soyuz-Fregat(Soyuz-2) as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome. MetOp-A orbits around the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite.

Designated with COSPAR ID 2006-044A and NORAD ID 29499, MetOp-A is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 5 years. It has a launch mass of 4,193 kg and dry mass of 3,750 kg.

Taking 101 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 820km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 821km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 6.95E-05 and it orbits at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare MetOp-A with ICON from USA.

 Compare MetOp-A with Xiaoxiang 1-04 from China.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
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Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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