Baikonur Cosmodrome - Dataset of Satellites From Launch Site
This dataset contains 381 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome are intended for commercial use (77.2%) and for the purpose of communications (69.8%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 238 (62.5%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Which year saw the most satellites launched?

That year is 2020, which saw the launch of 70 satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.

  Who operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

OneWeb Satellites owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (102 - 26.8% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

United Kingdom owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (107 - 28.1% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space is Soyuz-2.1b which has delivered 80 satellites (21.0%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Polar orbit is the most common type of orbit for satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (106 satellites - 27.8%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 401km to 36,000km, with the average perigee being 12,604.8km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 422km to 330,000km, with the average apogee being 15,269.1km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 11,520 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 6,900kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 12kg to 3,750kg.


Highlights on some of the satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome:

DirecTV-5.

DirectTV Satellite Search Launch

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Proton K into space at 4,300 kg

Operated by DirecTV, Inc. of USA, DirecTV-5 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA), it was launched into space using Proton K as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 7 May 2002. DirecTV-5 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 4,300kg and a dry mass of 3,640kg, DirecTV-5 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2002-023A and NORAD ID 27426.

With an orbital eccentricity of 3.08E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,773km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,799km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of -110 degrees.

 

 Compare DirecTV-5 with COMSATBw-1 from Germany.

 Compare DirecTV-5 with Fengyun 4H from China.


Echostar 21.

SpaceX Launches Echostar Satellite with Used Rocket

  Heaviest satellite launched by Echostar Satellite Services, LLC into space at 6,900 kg

Designed for communications, Echostar 21 is a commercial satellite operated by Echostar Satellite Services, LLC (USA).

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Proton as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 7 June 2017. Echostar 21 was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2017-032A and NORAD ID 42749, Echostar 21 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 6,900 kg.

Echostar 21 orbits along the longitude of 10 degrees at an inclination of 7 degrees.

The satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,773km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,799km. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 3.08E-04 and it takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth.

 

 Compare Echostar 21 with Beidou 3 IGSO-3 from China.

 Compare Echostar 21 with TDRS-13 from USA.


Radarsat-2.

The Making of a Satellite – The RADARSAT Constellation

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Soyuz into space at 2,924 kg

A commercial satellite, Radarsat-2 is operated by MDA Corporation of Canada for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging).

A sun-synchronous LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Soyuz as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 14 December 2007. Radarsat-2 was constructed by MacDonald, Dettwiler/Thales Alenia Spazio (Canada/Italy).

Designed with an operational lifetime of 7 years, Radarsat-2 has a launch mass of 2,924 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2007-061A and NORAD ID 32382.

With an orbital eccentricity of 1.40E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 791km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 793km. It takes 101 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Radarsat-2 with PACE-1 from USA.

 Compare Radarsat-2 with Starlink-1730 from USA.


AprizeSat 3.

Successfull AprizeSat Launch

  Heaviest satellite launched by USA/Argentina into space at 12 kg

A commercial satellite, AprizeSat 3 is operated by Aprize Satellite, Argentina of USA/Argentina for the purpose of communications and maritime tracking (Automatic Identification System (AIS)).

Constructed by SpaceQuest (USA), it was launched into space using Dnepr as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 29 July 2009. AprizeSat 3 orbits around the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite.

AprizeSat 3 has a launch mass of 12 kg and dry mass of 12 kg. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2009-041F and NORAD ID 35686.

Taking 97 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 559km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 662km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 7.38E-03 and it orbits at an inclination of 98 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare AprizeSat 3 with AII-Charlie from USA.

 Compare AprizeSat 3 with TW-1A from China.


MetOp-A.

Goodbye, Metop A

  Heaviest satellite launched by ESA And EUMETSAT (European Organization For The Exploitation Of Meterological Satellites) into space at 4,193 kg

MetOp-A is a government and civil satellite operated by ESA and EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites) (Multinational) for the purpose of earth observation (Earth Science and Meterology).

Constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain), it was launched into space using Soyuz-Fregat(Soyuz-2) as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 19 October 2006. MetOp-A orbits around the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 4,193kg and a dry mass of 3,750kg, MetOp-A is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 5 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2006-044A and NORAD ID 29499.

Taking 101 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 820km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 821km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 6.95E-05 and it orbits at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare MetOp-A with Globalstar M074 from USA.

 Compare MetOp-A with PACE-1 from USA.


Globalstar M074.

Globalstar Next Generation Satellites - Integration and Rollout

  Heaviest satellite launched by Globalstar into space at 700 kg

A commercial satellite, Globalstar M074 is operated by Globalstar of USA for the purpose of communications.

A non-polar inclined LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Soyuz-Fregat as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 19 October 2010. Globalstar M074 was constructed by Thales Alenia Space (Italy).

Designated with COSPAR ID 2010-054B and NORAD ID 37189, Globalstar M074 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 700 kg.

Taking 114 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 1,413km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 1,415km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.28E-04.

With generated usable power of 1700 watts, Globalstar M074 orbits at an inclination of 52 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Globalstar M074 with Yaogan 20A from China.

 Compare Globalstar M074 with Cassiope from Canada.


Eutelsat 5 West B.

EUTELSAT 5 West B Satellite

Eutelsat 5 West B is a commercial satellite operated by EUTELSAT S.A. (Multinational) for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Northrup Grumman Innovation Systems (USA), it was launched into space on 9 October 2019 using Proton as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Eutelsat 5 West B orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designed with an operational lifetime of 15 years, Eutelsat 5 West B has a launch mass of 2,864 kg and navigates with the COSPAR ID 2019-067A and NORAD ID 44624.

Taking 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,783km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,787km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 4.74E-05 and it orbits along the Earth longitude of -5 degrees.

 

 Compare Eutelsat 5 West B with Star One C2 from Brazil.

 Compare Eutelsat 5 West B with DirecTV-11 from USA.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
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Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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