Baikonur Cosmodrome - Dataset of Satellites From Launch Site
This dataset contains 381 entries.

  Overview

This is a dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, based on UCS Satellite Database compiled by the Union of Concerned Scientist (UCS).

Most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome are intended for commercial use (77.2%) and for the purpose of communications (69.8%).Majority of these satellites are LEO satellites, with around 238 (62.5%) launched so far.


  Data Table

Preparing data

  More..

Insights from the dataset of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Which year saw the most satellites launched?

That year is 2020, which saw the launch of 70 satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.

  Who operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

OneWeb Satellites owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (102 - 26.8% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which country operates or owns the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome?

United Kingdom owns/operates the most number of satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (107 - 28.1% of the satellites in this dataset).

  Which rocket has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space?

The rocket that has delivered the most satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome to space is Soyuz-2.1b which has delivered 80 satellites (21.0%).

  What is the most common type of satellite orbit?

Polar orbit is the most common type of orbit for satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome (106 satellites - 27.8%).

  Apogee, Perigee & Period

The perigees (point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 401km to 36,000km, with the average perigee being 12,604.8km from the Earth, while the apogees (point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass) of the satellites range from 422km to 330,000km, with the average apogee being 15,269.1km from the Earth. The longest period a satellite takes to orbit around the Earth is 11,520 minutes.

  Satellite Mass

The launch masses (include fuel) of the satellites range from 1kg to 6,900kg, while the dry masses (excluding fuel) of the satellites range from 12kg to 3,750kg.


Highlights on some of the satellites launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome:

Yamal-401.

Russian Proton-M carrier rocket bearing Gazprom System’s Yamal-401 telecommunications

  Third heaviest satellite launched by Gazprom Space Systems into space at 2,976 kg

A commercial satellite, Yamal-401 is operated by Gazprom Space Systems of Russia for the purpose of communications.

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Proton M as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 15 December 2014. Yamal-401 was constructed by ISS Reshetnev (Russia).

Yamal-401 has a launch mass of 2,976 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 15 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2014-082A and NORAD ID 40345.

With an orbital eccentricity of 7.23E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,761km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,822km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 90 degrees.

 

 Compare Yamal-401 with Raduga 1-M3 from Russia.

 Compare Yamal-401 with AsiaStar from USA.


DirecTV-5.

DirectTV Satellite Search Launch

  Second heaviest satellite launched by Proton K into space at 4,300 kg

Operated by DirecTV, Inc. of USA, DirecTV-5 is a commercial satellite launched for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA), it was launched into space on 7 May 2002 using Proton K as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome. DirecTV-5 orbits around the Earth as a GEO satellite.

Designated with COSPAR ID 2002-023A and NORAD ID 27426, DirecTV-5 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 4,300 kg and dry mass of 3,640 kg.

With an orbital eccentricity of 3.08E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,773km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,799km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of -110 degrees.

 

 Compare DirecTV-5 with Tiantong-1-03 from China.

 Compare DirecTV-5 with Express-AM3 from Russia.


Cryosat-2.

CryoSat and climate change

A government satellite, Cryosat-2 is operated by European Space Agency (ESA) of ESA for the purpose of earth observation (Radar Imaging).

Constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain), it was launched into space on 8 April 2010 using Dnepr as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Cryosat-2 orbits around the Earth as a polar LEO satellite.

With a launch mass of 720kg, Cryosat-2 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 3 years. It orbits around the Earth with the COSPAR ID 2010-013A and NORAD ID 36508.

With an orbital eccentricity of 7.76E-04, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 713km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 724km. It takes 99 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 92 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Cryosat-2 with ORBCOMM FM-4 from USA.

 Compare Cryosat-2 with Jilin-1 Gaofen 03B-01 from China.


AsiaSat-9.

AsiaSat 9 Removal from Container @ Baikonur Cosmodrome

  Third heaviest satellite launched by China into space at 6,140 kg

AsiaSat-9 is a commercial satellite operated by Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. (China) for the purpose of communications.

A GEO satellite, it was launched into space using Proton as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 28 September 2017. AsiaSat-9 was constructed by Space Systems/Loral (USA).

AsiaSat-9 has a launch mass of 6,140 kg and is expected to have a operational lifetime of 15 years. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2017-057A and NORAD ID 42942.

With an orbital eccentricity of 8.30E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 35,783km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 35,790km. It takes 1,436 minutes to orbit the Earth along the longitude of 122 degrees.

 

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with USA 271 from USA.

 Compare AsiaSat-9 with Raduga 1-M3 from Russia.


Globalstar M074.

Globalstar Next Generation Satellites - Integration and Rollout

  Heaviest satellite launched by Globalstar into space at 700 kg

A commercial satellite, Globalstar M074 is operated by Globalstar of USA for the purpose of communications.

Constructed by Thales Alenia Space (Italy), it was launched into space using Soyuz-Fregat as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 19 October 2010. Globalstar M074 orbits around the Earth as a non-polar inclined LEO satellite.

Designated with COSPAR ID 2010-054B and NORAD ID 37189, Globalstar M074 is designed to operate in space for a lifetime of 15 years. It has a launch mass of 700 kg.

Taking 114 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 1,413km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 1,415km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 1.28E-04.

With generated usable power of 1700 watts, Globalstar M074 orbits at an inclination of 52 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare Globalstar M074 with OneWeb-0143 from United Kingdom.

 Compare Globalstar M074 with SpaceBEE-100 from USA.


MetOp-A.

Goodbye, Metop A

  Heaviest satellite launched by ESA And EUMETSAT (European Organization For The Exploitation Of Meterological Satellites) into space at 4,193 kg

MetOp-A is a government and civil satellite operated by ESA and EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites) (Multinational) for the purpose of earth observation (Earth Science and Meterology).

Delivered via Soyuz-Fregat(Soyuz-2) (launch vehicle) from Baikonur Cosmodrome, it was launched into space on 19 October 2006 and orbits the Earth as a sun-synchronous LEO satellite. MetOp-A was constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain).

Designed with an operational lifetime of 5 years, MetOp-A has a launch mass of 4,193 kg and dry mass of 3,750 kg. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2006-044A and NORAD ID 29499.

Taking 101 minutes to orbit the Earth, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 820km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 821km. The eccentricity of the orbit is 6.95E-05 and it orbits at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.

 

 Compare MetOp-A with Starlink-2153 from USA.

 Compare MetOp-A with ANGELS from ESA.


Get more insights from these satellite datasets

  Full datasets:  All satellites by launch date   |   The Heaviest Satellites That Are Launched to Space

  By Use Type:  Civil-use satellites   |   Commercial satellites   |   Government satellites   |   Military satellites

  By Country:  USA   |   UK   |   France   |   Germany   |   Japan   |   China   |   Russia   |   Australia   |   Canada

  By Orbit Class/Type:  LEO satellites   |   MEO satellites   |   GEO satellites   |   Elliptical orbit   |   Polar orbit   |   Equatorial orbit   |   Non-polar inclined orbit   |   Sun-synchronous orbit   |   Molniya orbit

  By Operators:  SpaceX   |   EUTELSAT   |   SES   |   European Space Agency (ESA)   |   Planet Labs   |   Iridium   |   Spire Global   |   OneWeb   |   Swarm Technologies   |   NASA - Dataset of Satellites Launched (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)   |   Canadian Space Agency (CSA) - Dataset of Satellites Launched

  By Launch Vehicle:  Falcon 9   |   Ariane 5   |   Ariane 5 ECA   |   Delta 2   |   Dnepr   |   Electron   |   Falcon Heavy   |   Long March 2C   |   Long March 2D   |   Long March 3B   |   Pegasus   |   Proton   |   Proton M   |   PSLV   |   Rokot   |   Soyuz   |   Soyuz-2.1b   |   Vega

  By Launch Vehicle:  Cape Canaveral   |   Baikonur Cosmodrome   |   Guiana Space Center   |   International Space Station   |   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   |   Plesetsk Cosmodrome   |   Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1   |   Satish Dhawan Space Centre   |   Taiyuan Launch Center   |   Vandenberg AFB   |   Xichang Satellite Launch Center   |   Boeing Satellite Systems   |   Airbus Defense and Space   |   EADS Astrium   |   Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems   |   Space Systems/Loral   |   Surrey Satellite Technology   |   Technical University Berlin   |   Thales Alenia Space


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Major Operators
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Chart 2: Satellites by Purpose
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Chart 3: Satellites by Country
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  Attributions

No attribution sources specified.
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