Asia - Countries with the Highest Military Spending
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  Overview

Which country spends the most in defense in Asia?
The country with the highest defense budget in Asia is China at US$261,082M. At second and third, are India with a budget of US$71,125M and Japan with a military spending of US$47,609M.
The average military spending by countries in Asia is around US$23,293.6M.

 Compare China with Azerbaijan


  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Asian Countries with Highest Military Budgets
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Chart 2: Asian Countries with Highest %GDP For Military Budgets
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  Top 28 ranks, by budget in descending order ( rank and segment full dataset - 172 items )

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Percentage of GDP on Defense. Pakistan and Azerbaijan spend the highest percentage of their GDP on defence at 4% in Asia. On average, countries in Asia spend %1.9 of their GDPs on defense.


These are the countries with the highest defense budgets in Asia:

China.

How is China strengthening its military? (Credit: Youtube/CGTN)

The country with the second-highest defence budget in the world is China. China allocates about 1.90% of its GDP (estimated at US$261,082M) for its defence budget.

With a 4,015,000-strong military, China has a per-capita ratio of 2.9 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 2,185,000 active personnel (largest in the world), 1,170,000 reserve personnel and 660,000 from paramilitary forces.

China has the third-largest battle tank force in the world. On land, China has a mobile force of 9,000 tanks. For aerial defence, China has an air force of 2,615 military aircrafts and 450 attack helicopters.

China has the largest naval fleet in the world. China has a naval fleet of 270 vessels, including 2 aircraft carriers, 14 nuclear submarines and 55 non-nuclear submarines. Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 52 frigates, 36 destroyers and 42 corvettes.

 

 Compare China with Kazakhstan


India.

India's Military Might On Display At Grand Republic Day Parade (Credit: Youtube/NDTV)

India has the third-highest defence budget in the world. India allocates about 2.40% of its GDP (estimated at US$71,125M) for its defence budget.

India has a military of 5,137,500 personnel, with 1,455,550 active (second-largest globally), 1,155,000 in reserve and 2,526,950 from paramilitary forces, making up 4 military personnel per 1000 in population.

India has the third-largest battle tank force in Asia. On land, India has a mobile force of 6,464 tanks. For aerial defence, India has an air force of 544 military aircrafts and 23 attack helicopters.

India has a naval fleet of 69 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers, 2 nuclear submarines and 14 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 14 frigates, 11 destroyers and 26 corvettes.

 

 Compare India with Japan

 Compare India with Philippines


Japan.

How Strong Is Japan’s Military? (Credit: Youtube/Newsweek)

Japan has a military of 317,500 personnel, with 247,150 active, 56,000 in reserve and 14,350 from paramilitary forces, making up 2.5 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Japan has a mobile force of 688 tanks. For aerial defence, Japan has an air force of 777 military aircrafts and 207 attack helicopters.

Japan has a naval fleet of 73 vessels, including 20 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 6 frigates and 40 destroyers.

 

 Compare Japan with Sri Lanka

 Compare Japan with Pakistan


South Korea.

South Korea shows off military hardware in Armed Forces Day ceremony... with one eye on North Korea (ARIRANG NEWS)

The defence budget of South Korea is estimated at US$43,891M at around 2.70% of its GDP.

South Korea has the second-largest military force in the world. With a 6,712,500-strong military, South Korea has a per-capita ratio of 130.5 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 599,000 active personnel, 3,100,000 reserve personnel and 3,013,500 from paramilitary forces. Its per-capita military is the second-highest in the world.

On land, South Korea has a mobile force of 2,514 tanks. For aerial defence, South Korea has an air force of 587 military aircrafts and 273 attack helicopters.

South Korea's naval fleet is the second-largest in Asia. South Korea has a naval fleet of 86 vessels, including 23 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 14 frigates, 12 destroyers and 36 corvettes.

 

 Compare South Korea with Mongolia

 Compare South Korea with Taiwan


Singapore.

Singapore Defence Strategy: The country spends more than $11 billion a year (Credit: TRT World)

The defence budget of Singapore is estimated at US$11,211M at around 3.20% of its GDP. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the third-highest in Asia.

With a 310,900-strong military, Singapore has a per-capita ratio of 51.9 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 51,000 active personnel, 252,500 reserve personnel and 7,400 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Singapore has a mobile force of 96 tanks. For aerial defence, Singapore has an air force of 126 military aircrafts and 25 attack helicopters.

Singapore has a naval fleet of 22 vessels, including 6 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 6 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Singapore with Mongolia

 Compare Singapore with Kazakhstan


Taiwan.

Could China Take Taiwan By Force? (Credit: Youtube/CNA Insider)

The defence budget of Taiwan is estimated at US$10,420M at around 1.70% of its GDP.

Taiwan has a military of 1,831,800 personnel, with 163,000 active, 1,657,000 in reserve and 11,800 from paramilitary forces, making up 77.8 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Taiwan has a mobile force of 566 tanks. For aerial defence, Taiwan has an air force of 485 military aircrafts and 154 attack helicopters.

Taiwan has a naval fleet of 31 vessels, including 4 non-nuclear submarines. Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 22 frigates and 4 destroyers.

 

 Compare Taiwan with Azerbaijan

 Compare Taiwan with Singapore


Pakistan.

Pakistan Army Power in the World 2019 By PAK Army official

The defence budget of Pakistan is estimated at US$10,256M at around 4% of its GDP. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the highest in Asia.

With a 1,495,000-strong military, Pakistan has a per-capita ratio of 7.2 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 654,000 active personnel, 550,000 reserve personnel and 291,000 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Pakistan has a mobile force of 3,010 tanks. For aerial defence, Pakistan has an air force of 356 military aircrafts and 56 attack helicopters.

Pakistan has a naval fleet of 5 vessels, including 5 non-nuclear submarines.

 

 Compare Pakistan with Taiwan

 Compare Pakistan with Myanmar


Indonesia.

With a 1,075,500-strong military, Indonesia has a per-capita ratio of 4.1 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 395,500 active personnel, 400,000 reserve personnel and 280,000 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Indonesia has a mobile force of 378 tanks. For aerial defence, Indonesia has an air force of 97 military aircrafts and 45 attack helicopters.

Indonesia has a naval fleet of 36 vessels, including 2 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet of warships also include 11 frigates and 18 corvettes.

 

 Compare Indonesia with Brunei


Thailand.

Royal Thai Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Thailand's defence expenditure is estimated to be US$7,315M (1.30% of its GDP).

Thailand has a military of 699,550 personnel, with 360,850 active, 200,000 in reserve and 138,700 from paramilitary forces, making up 10.2 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Thailand has a mobile force of 288 tanks. For aerial defence, Thailand has an air force of 143 military aircrafts and 47 attack helicopters.

Thailand has a naval fleet of 19 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 10 frigates and 7 corvettes.

 

 Compare Thailand with Kazakhstan

 Compare Thailand with Philippines


Check out these military rankings by region and force type:

Gap Analysis  - Ukraine vs Russia | NATO vs Russia

Largest Militaries Worldwide  - by total force | by active force | by force per capita

Largest Militaries (region) - Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

NATO Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

G20 Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines | Nuclear

ASEAN Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy

Northeast Asia Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

Gap Analysis - NATO & Russia | Ukraine & Russia | China & Taiwan

Highest Military Budgets - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Largest Navy - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Most Submarines - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Largest Air Force - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Most Battle Tanks - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East


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