ASEAN Countries with the Largest Military Forces
This dataset contains 10 entries.

  Overview

ASEAN, or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is an alliance of 10 nations in Southeast Asia. It is both an economic and political alliance and is increasingly caught up in the geo-political tensions between USA and China.

Which ASEAN country has the largest military force?
The country with the largest military force in ASEAN is Vietnam with a force strength of 5,522,000 personnel. At second and third, are Indonesia with a 1,075,500-strong military and Thailand with a military force of 699,550 personnel.
In comparison, the average size of military forces in ASEAN is around 921,790.0 military personnel.

 Compare Vietnam with Indonesia


  Data Table

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  Interactive Chart

Chart 1: Largest Militaries among G20 Countries
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DEFENSE SPENDING

Defense Budget. Singapore has the highest military budget at US$11,211M . Average size of defense budgets among ASEAN countries stand at US$4,921.5M.

Percentage of GDP on Defense. Brunei's defence budget makes up 3.30% of its GDP - the highest among countries in ASEAN. On average, ASEAN countries spend %1.8 of their GDPs on defense.


FORCE STRUCTURE

Active Forces. Vietnam has the largest active military, with 482,000 personnel. Average size of active military forces among ASEAN countries stand at 211,205.0 personnel.

Reserve Forces. Indonesia has the largest reserve military, with 400,000 personnel. On average, countries in ASEAN maintain a reserve strength of 103,580.0 personnel.

Paramilitary Forces. Vietnam has the largest paramilitary force, with 5,040,000 personnel. The average paramilitary force size is 607,005.0 personnel.

Total Military Force Per Capita. Vietnam has the highest total military per capita at 108.4 per 1000 in population - the highest among ASEAN countries. The average total military force per capita for ASEAN countries is around 24.9 per 1000 in population.


These are the ASEAN countries with the largest military forces:

Vietnam.

Vietnam Armed forces 2020 (Credit: Manconst Channel)

Vietnam's military force is the third-largest in the world. With a 5,522,000-strong military, Vietnam has a per-capita ratio of 108.4 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 482,000 active personnel and 5,040,000 from paramilitary forces. Its per-capita military is the third-highest in Asia.

On land, Vietnam has a mobile force of 1,800 tanks. For aerial defence, Vietnam has an air force of 97 military aircrafts and 47 attack helicopters.

Vietnam has a naval fleet of 14 vessels, including 6 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 2 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Vietnam with Brunei

 Compare Vietnam with Thailand


Indonesia.

Indonesia has a military of 1,075,500 personnel, with 395,500 active, 400,000 in reserve and 280,000 from paramilitary forces, making up 4.1 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Indonesia has a mobile force of 378 tanks. For aerial defence, Indonesia has an air force of 97 military aircrafts and 45 attack helicopters.

Indonesia has a naval fleet of 36 vessels, including 2 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 11 frigates and 18 corvettes.

 

 Compare Indonesia with Taiwan

 Compare Indonesia with Myanmar


Thailand.

Royal Thai Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Thailand allocates about 1.30% of its GDP (estimated at US$7,315M) for its defence budget.

Thailand has a military of 699,550 personnel, with 360,850 active, 200,000 in reserve and 138,700 from paramilitary forces, making up 10.2 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Thailand has a mobile force of 288 tanks. For aerial defence, Thailand has an air force of 143 military aircrafts and 47 attack helicopters.

Thailand has a naval fleet of 19 vessels, including 1 aircraft carriers. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 10 frigates and 7 corvettes.

 

 Compare Thailand with India

 Compare Thailand with Cambodia


Myanmar.

Myanmar Military Power (Credit: Youtube/MM Global News)

Myanmar has a military of 513,000 personnel, with 406,000 active and 107,000 from paramilitary forces, making up 9.2 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Myanmar has a mobile force of 185 tanks. For aerial defence, Myanmar has an air force of 155 military aircrafts and 27 attack helicopters.

Other offensive warships in the naval arsenal include 4 frigates and 2 corvettes.

 

 Compare Myanmar with Tajikistan

 Compare Myanmar with Singapore


Malaysia.

Malaysian Armed Forces 2018 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

Malaysia allocates about 1% of its GDP (estimated at US$3,769M) for its defence budget.

Malaysia has a military that is composed of 113,000 active personnel, 51,600 in reserve and 267,200 from paramilitary forces, totalling 431,800 or 13.6 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Malaysia has a mobile force of 48 tanks. For aerial defence, Malaysia has an air force of 67 military aircrafts and 32 attack helicopters.

Malaysia has a naval fleet of 16 vessels, including 2 non-nuclear submarines. Rounding up the fleet of warships are 10 frigates and 4 corvettes.

 

 Compare Malaysia with Cambodia

 Compare Malaysia with Thailand


Philippines.

Philippine Armed Forces 2017 (Credit: Youtube/The Marine)

The defence budget of Philippines is estimated at US$3,472M at around 1% of its GDP.

Philippines has a military that is composed of 143,100 active personnel, 131,000 in reserve and 62,300 from paramilitary forces, totalling 336,400 or 3.2 military personnel per 1000 in population.

For aerial defence, Philippines has an air force of 22 military aircrafts and 27 attack helicopters.

 

 Compare Philippines with Sri Lanka

 Compare Philippines with Tajikistan


Singapore.

Singapore Defence Strategy: The country spends more than $11 billion a year (Credit: TRT World)

The defence budget of Singapore is estimated at US$11,211M at around 3.20% of its GDP. Its percentage of GDP allocated to defence spending is the third-highest in Asia.

Singapore has a military of 310,900 personnel, with 51,000 active, 252,500 in reserve and 7,400 from paramilitary forces, making up 51.9 military personnel per 1000 in population.

On land, Singapore has a mobile force of 96 tanks. For aerial defence, Singapore has an air force of 126 military aircrafts and 25 attack helicopters.

Singapore has a naval fleet of 22 vessels, including 6 non-nuclear submarines. The naval fleet also possesses numerous warships, including 6 frigates and 6 corvettes.

 

 Compare Singapore with Turkmenistan

 Compare Singapore with Thailand


Laos.

Laos celebrates founding anniversary of the Lao People's Armed Forces (Credit: Youtube/CGTN)

With a 129,100-strong military, Laos has a per-capita ratio of 17.8 military personnel per 1000 in population. Its total military consists of 29,100 active personnel and 100,000 from paramilitary forces.

On land, Laos has a mobile force of 25 tanks. For aerial defence, Laos has an heli-force of 12 attack helicopters.

 

 Compare Laos with Nepal

 Compare Laos with Thailand


Check out these military rankings by region and force type:

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Largest Militaries Worldwide  - by total force | by active force | by force per capita

Largest Militaries (region) - Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

NATO Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

G20 Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines | Nuclear

ASEAN Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy

Northeast Asia Nations - Defense Spending | Air Force | Military | Tanks | Navy | Submarines

Gap Analysis - NATO & Russia | Ukraine & Russia | China & Taiwan

Highest Military Budgets - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Africa | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Largest Navy - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Most Submarines - World | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | S. America

Largest Air Force - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East | N. America | S. America

Most Battle Tanks - World | Africa | Asia | N. Asia | Europe | Middle East


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