Heaviest satellite launched by ESA And EUMETSAT (European Organization For The Exploitation Of Meterological Satellites) into space at 4,193 kg
Operated by ESA and EUMETSAT (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites) of Multinational, MetOp-A is a government and civil satellite launched for the purpose of earth observation (Earth Science and Meterology).
A sun-synchronous LEO satellite, it was launched into space using Soyuz-Fregat(Soyuz-2) as the launch vehicle from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 19 October 2006. MetOp-A was constructed by EADS Astrium (France/UK/Germany/Spain).
Designed with an operational lifetime of 5 years, MetOp-A has a launch mass of 4,193 kg and dry mass of 3,750 kg. It navigates with the COSPAR ID 2006-044A and NORAD ID 29499.
With an orbital eccentricity of 6.95E-05, the satellite's perigee, which is the point of the orbit closest to the Earth's center of mass, is 820km while its apogee, which is the point of the orbit farthest from the Earth's center of mass, is 821km. It takes 101 minutes to orbit the Earth at an inclination of 99 degrees to the equatorial plane of the Earth.