2018 (Sub-Saharan Africa) Corruption Perceptions Index
source: Transparency International (see attributions)
"The Corruption Perceptions Index is an index which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people. It uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43. It reveals that the continued failure of most countries to significantly control corruption is contributing to a crisis in democracy around the world. While there are exceptions, the data shows that despite some progress, most countries are failing to make serious inroads against corruption. " - excerpt from CPI website (below)
Average Scores By Region
As a region, Sub-Saharan Africa ranked last in the average index scores.
The Henley Passport Index is the ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access visa-free. The creator of this index, Henley & Partners, has analysed the visa regulations of countries in the world since 2006.
Scoring. The score is calculated as the number of countries that a specific passport can access becomes its visa-free
Globally. As of March 2019, the countries with the most powerful passports are Japan, Singapore and South Korea, with their holders capable of visiting 189 countries visa-free. The countries with the least powerful passports are Iraq and Afghanistan, with their holders being able to visit only 30 countries visa-free.
South America. Chile, Argentina and Brazil are the top ranked countries in South America with the most powerful passports, enabling visa-free access to 176 (Chile) and 171 (Argentina, Brazil) countries respectively.
The most limiting passports in South America belong to Bolivia and Suriname, which offer visa-free access to 78 and 79 countries respectively.
At a combined GDP of US$2.8 trillion, ASEAN collectively stands as the 6th largest economy in the world.
The ASEAN region is expected to grow at an annual rate of 5.2% from 2018 to 2021 and is projected to become the fourth largest single market in the world by 2030, behind only the US, China and the European Union. Here are the countries and their GDP contributions to the ASEAN economy, with Indonesia taking the lion's share at US$1 trillion (34.77%). In terms of GDP per capita, Singapore ranks the highest at US$61,230.
Wooden roller coasters are as safe as their steel brethren but they offer an extra bit of excitement to roller coaster enthusiasts that you may not find in a steel roller coaster. The wooden ones sway a lot more and sound and feel more rickety, adding much to the riding anxiety.
The Beast of Kings Island Park at Ohio, United States, has the longest wooden roller coaster track in the world. The Beast is 2,243 meters long and stands 34 meters tall. The track stretches over two hills. contributing to a riding duration of more than four minutes.
At second, is The Voyage of Holiday World & Splashin' Safari in Indiana, United States with a track length of 1,964 meters and a maximum height of 53 meters.
In third place, is T Express of Eveland Park at Yongin, South Korea. Built by Swiss manufacturer Intamin on a hillside, T Express stretches 1,641 meters in length and rises up to 56 meters in height.
The OICA, or Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers), tracks and represents the global auto industry. Here is a raw summary of the light commercial vehicle (LCV) production for 2017 to 2018 by countries.
A light commercial vehicle is generally referred to as a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of no more than 3.5 metric tons. USA, Mexico and China remain the top three light commercial vehicle (LCV) producers for 2017-2018 and account more than 60% of the global production of light commercial vehicles.
In 2018, there are close to 21 million light commercial vehicles produced. Out of which, 38.8% (or 8.2 million vehicles) are produced in USA, 11% (or 2.3 million vehicles) are produced in Mexico and 9.5% (or 2 million vehicles) are produced in China.
In 2017, there are close to 20 million light commercial vehicles produced. Out of which, 39% (or 7.9 million vehicles) are produced in USA, 10% (or 2 million vehicles) are produced in Mexico and 8.7% (or 1.77 million vehicles) are produced in China.
(Note: some figures may be rounded off; listed figures have not been adjusted for double-counting across countries)
A sovereign wealth fund, or SWF in short, is a fund that manages the savings of a state or state organization for the purposes of investment. The largest sovereign wealth fund in the world is the Government Pension Fund Global of Norway (GPF) which was established in 1990 to invest the surplus revenues of the Norwegian petroleum sector. As of December 2017, it held US$1.03 trillion in assets, including 1.3% of global stocks and shares.
Top SWFs by Region. With the exception of the Government Pension Fund of Norway (GPF), the top 10 sovereign wealth funds in the world hails generally from Asia and the Middle East. By region, the top sovereign wealth funds of Asia manage a combined total of US$3.195 trillion in assets while the top sovereign wealth funds of Middle East manage a combined total of US$3.094 trillion in assets.
Some countries may have more than one sovereign wealth funds. Examples are China with 4 SWFs (CIC - China Investment Corporation, SAFE, NCSSF - National Social Security Fund, CADF - China-Africa Development Fund) managing a total of 1.5 trillion USD in assets, and Singapore with 2 SWFs (GIC - Government Investment Corporation, TH - Temasek Holdings) managing a total of 556 billion in USD in assets.
This data references the 2019 study by Value Champion (refer to URL below) to determine the best cities for millenials to live and work.
According to Value Champion, many young people are willing to move abroad in order to pursue personal and career opportunities. In fact, the World Economic Forum found that 4 out of 5 millennials would be willing to relocate internationally for work.
Thus, this study will provide useful reference points for European startups looking to recruit millenials into their workforce.
The 2018 Index of Economic Freedom is an index developed by the Heritage Foundation. The Index covers 12 freedoms – from property rights to financial freedom – in 186 countries.
The Heritage Foundation defines "economic freedom" as the fundamental right of every human to control his or her own labor and property and believes that the ideals of economic freedom are strongly associated with healthier societies, cleaner environments, greater per capita wealth, human development, democracy, and poverty elimination. For more information, please visit the Heritage Foundation website below:
The world population data is based on the 2019 Index of Economic Freedom by the Heritage Foundation. The total world population stands at 7.42 billion people at the time of this study.
The sub-Saharan Africa region has a population of 1 billion people (13% of world population). On the average, countries in the sub-Saharan Africa region tend to have a lower GDP per capita and higher unemployment rate. Nigeria is the most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa, with a population of 188.7 million people.