The First Industrial Revolution was about mechanization through the use of steam and water power.
The discovery of electricity ushered in the Second Industrial Revolution with mass production.
In the Third Industrial Revolution, the advent of computer digitization propelled the manufacturing world forward with automation and electronic and IT systems.
As the manufacturing world becomes increasingly computerized and digitized, the emergence of IoT, more powerful sensors and lowered costs of networks begin to define the Fourth Industrial Revolution with connected cyber-physical systems. Industry 4.0 is a technical articulation of how this revolution can be realized.
That said, the year of 2019 is helmed by the familiar major Industry 4.0 events such as the Hannover Messe which has attracted close to 250,000 visitors and 6,500 exhibitors in the past years. In Asia, China and Taiwan, both high-end manufacturing trailblazers, also host the highly visited CIEX 2019, SPS-Industrial Automation Fair and the Taipei International Industrial Automation Exhibition.
With global initiatives on smart manufacturing, such as Industry 4.0 and "Made in China 2025", in high gear, one of the key trends in factory automation is the adoption of Cobots (or Collaborative Robots) and a diversity of robot types for different stages of manufacturing.
Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS). As competition for robotic solutions heat up, robot-as-a-service becomes a strategic model for some of the robotic firms to compete and expand market share. Such offerings range from Cobot-as-a-service for a myriad of manufacturing tasks to Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR-as-a-service) that assist to fetch, transport and deliver materials within a factory.
RaaS Business Models. There are several variants of the pay-as-you-use model here. We list them as follows:
We introduce these factory automation RaaS providers below :
Warehouse management is one of the major industries that is being automated at a blazing speed - from fetching items around the warehouse, to sorting and shelving , to picking and packing, and eventually shipping off.
Picker-as-a-service. There are picker robot-as-a-service from companies such as Geek+ Robotics, InVia Robotics and Magazino, that charges on a per-pick service model, ranging from 6 cents to 10 cents per pick.
AMR-as-a-service (AMRaaS). Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR) are also increasingly popular as robot-as-a-service, with solutions from 6 River, Fetch Robotics and Locus Robotics. These robots are leased on a monthly basis, ranging from $711 per robot per month to several thousand dollars per month, depending on the period of commitment.
We introduce these warehouse RaaS providers below :
In cities where the security workforce is increasingly costly and aging, hiring and ensuring adequate security is becoming a serious challenge.
Security robot-as-a-service (RaaS) enables companies and security contractors to fill gaps in their security coverage and yet avoid having to invest in high, upfront capital expenditure. The general security RaaS model is on monthly rental basis, with each robot costing easily from US$1.5K per month to as high as US$10K per month.
Here are some of the security RaaS players:
Cobalt Robotics - a US-based security robot company that has developed the Cobalt security robot which is available for rental at US$6,000 per robot per month (source).
Knightscope - a US-based security robot company that has produced the K1/K3/K5/K7 line of security robots, available for rental at US$4,000-$8,000 per robot per month (source)
More security RaaS firms introduced below
In general, there are three categories of delivery robot-as-a-service offerings, organized and determined primarily based on delivery mileage.
1. Public-road autonomous delivery vehicles
These are autonomous robot vehicles that can travel on public roads and are capable of handling city-range or town-range deliveries (5-20km radius). RaaS companies in this space include uDelv, Robomart, AutoX and nuro. There are pure-delivery players that have a per-delivery fee model (e.g. nuro - $5.95 per delivery) and there are hybrid delivery-and-grocery-on-wheels players (e.g. AutoX, Robomart) which charges based on grocery purchases and/or delivery from its delivery vehicles.
Robomart. Robomart is a San Francisco-based US firm that provides autonomous "mini-mart" vehicles. Its revenue is derived from the grocery purchases made on Robotmart vehicles. The firm is currently running a pilot program in the greater Boston area with Stop & Shop.
View a demonstration of Robomart's "mini-mart" on wheels below.
nuro. Nuro is a US-based firm that develops the same-name unmanned robot vehicle nuro which is "a self-driving vehicle made for local goods transportation". The firm has started a pilot program with Domino's for pizza delivery in Houston and another with Fry's Food Stores in Arizona for groceries at $5.95 per delivery.
Watch how customers obtain their deliveries from the nuro robot vehicle.
AutoX. AutoX is a US-based company makes use of its autonomous vehicles to provide robo-deliveries. The revenue model is based on item purchases at in-app and in-vehicle stores and delivery fees..
Watch how the AutoX vehicle perform robo-deliveries below.
UDelv. UDelv is based in California, United States and provides an end-to-end autonomous delivery solutions to merchants. Its autonomous delivery vehicles (ADVs) can drive at highway speeds of up to 60mph and handle deliveries of over 800 lbs and up to 32 customer orders per cycle.
2. Community delivery robots
These are autonomous delivery robots that make deliveries within 5-6km radius (typically using sidewalks and small-roads) and target local communities and campuses. RaaS companies in this space include Starship, HelloWorld TARS, Eliport, Marble and Kiwibot. Most of these companies charge on a per-delivery model, ranging from US$1.99 (Starship) to US$3.80 (Kiwibot).
Starship. Starship is headquartered in San Francisco, United States, with its main engineering team based in Estonia. Its fleet of robots can deliver items within a 4-mile (6 km) radius, making local delivery faster, safer and more cost-efficient. To date, Starship's fleet of robots has completed 100,000 deliveries, charging customers about $1.99 per order.
HelloWorld TARS. Most of the local-delivery robotics firms covered in this article are based in the United States. HelloWorld Robotics hails from the Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, a twelve-hour timezone difference from most of the local-delivery competition. HelloWorld Robotics has developed TARS, the first autonomous last mile delivery robot in Southeast Asia. The TARS delivery robots are being piloted in Cyberjaya, Malaysia, serving customers within a radius of 1-2 km.
Article continues below..
Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS) Models. In the RaaS model, cleaning contractors and building owners simply pay for the usage of the robots by the hour or month, rather than procure the robots as assets with high, upfront expenditure and costly maintenance. There are at least 10 cleaning robot-as-a-service offerings in the global market, providing commercial floor cleaning, window cleaning or room cleaning services. The pricing models range from hourly fees (US$4-$6 per hour) to monthly charges (US$215 to 1.5K per month).
Image free for re-use under CC-BY 4.0, with attribution to https://insights.rlist.io
These are some of the robot-as-a-service cleaning companies in the market today :
FLOOR CLEANING/SCRUBBING ROBOTS
Avidbots Neo - Avidbots is a robotics company based in Canada, well-known for its Neo line of autonomous floor scrubbing robots for commercial spaces. Its RaaS model rents out the cleaning robots robots at US$4-6 per hour (source)
Lionsbot Leobot - Lionsbot International is a Singapore-based robotics company that specializes in robots that "bring smiles" while performing cleaning. Its line of cleaning robots, Leobots, are able to scrub, mop, vacuum, sweep and shine and are available at US$990-1,500 per month (source).
Softbank Robotics Whiz - Softbank Robotics is a world-renowned robotics division of the Softbank Group. Whiz is its AI-powered vacuum robot for use in commercial offices. It is expected to be available for monthly rental at 25,000 yen (US$222) per month (source).
Introduction of more companies continues below..
The top five robot-as-a-service (RaaS) segments are delivery robots, cleaning robots, factory robots, warehouse robots and security robots.
These RaaS plays have made their way into markets where pay-as-you-use robot models can deliver value that disrupt and exceed traditional costs such as performance fees (e.g. delivery fees) and hourly labor wages (e.g. cleaners and security guards) and on top of that, provide higher reliability and consistency.
This compilation of data supports two Insights articles:
Here are several graphical UIs for MongoDB. I was searching for and experimenting with several MongoDB GUIs. My personal preference goes to Studio 3T for its clear, clean and intuitive interface.
In using Studio 3T, it is immediately clear how to go from beginning to finally listing all the collections in your database. However, my only problem with Studio 3T is that there is supposed to be a free personal-use license but the software does not make it clear how the personal-use license can be activated, so it keeps reminding you that you are still using a trial version that needs to be purchased.
Image of a housekeeper robot (download)
Free for personal and commercial use under Creative Commons Attributions 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0). Please attribute to https://insights.rlist.io.
Image of a window cleaning robot (download)
Image of a floor cleaning robot (download)
The term "Internet of Things" was coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999, but it was not until the year 2008 that IoT began to emerge as a force of growth and adoption, coupled with the explosive growth of mobile devices and rapidly decreasing costs of sensors and networks. It was then that major tech conferences and exhibitions began incorporating IoT elements into their show content.
Fast forward to 2018, the world is now spoilt for choice in terms of IoT conferences and exhibitions. Today, there are evidently a lot of IoT events happening every week around the world. In this list, I have sought to cover the better publicized and established IoT conferences and exhibitions.
For the purpose of this list, I consider shows that have IoT as their primary agenda and exclude other shows, however major, that cover IoT but not as a primary theme. From this calendar, we can observe that IoT has gained mainstream awareness and acceptance worldwide, with major shows now scheduled in every region and continent throughout the year of 2019.
List of useful sites to post your startup or new app.