Europe. Europe remains the second-most productive region for passenger car production, churning out close to 18.7 million cars in 2018. In comparison, the top region Asia produced 42.8 million cars in 2018 and North America produced 5 million cars in 2018.
The OICA, or Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers), tracks and represents the global auto industry. Here is a raw summary of the passenger car production in Europe for 2017 to 2018 by countries.
Top Countries in Europe. Germany, Spain and France remain the top three respective passenger car producers in Europe for 2017-2018.
2018. In 2018, Germany produced 5.12 million cars (or close to 7.2% of the global car production), Spain produced 2.2 million passenger cars (or 3.2% of global production) and France produced 1.76 million passenger cars (2.5%).
2017. In 2017, Germany produced 5.65 million cars (or close to 7.7% of the global car
production), Spain produced 2.3 million passenger cars (or 3.1% of
global production) and France produced 1.75 million passenger cars
(Note: some figures may be rounded off; listed figures have not been adjusted for double-counting across countries)
The combined value of the world's top 100 games markets is estimated to be US$134 billion. By region, Europe is the third largest games market at US$25.7 billion or 19.2% of the combined total
The top 3 games countries in Europe are :
This data is derived from Newzoo's 2018 study of the top 100 games markets ranked on their revenue estimates (refer to URL below).
According to Newzoo, the data estimates are based on a combination of primary consumer research, transactional data, quarterly company reports, and census data. The revenues are based on consumer spending in each country and exclude hardware sales, tax, business-to-business services, and online gambling and betting revenues.
The combined value of the world's top 100 games markets is estimated to be US$134 billion. The largest games markets by region are Asia (US$65 billion), North America (US$35 billion) and Europe (US$25 billion), followed by South America (US$2.78 billion), Middle East (US$2.37 billion) and Africa (US$1 billion).
All figures, include the country populations, Internet populations and total games revenues are stated in millions.
The 2018 Index of Economic Freedom is an index developed by the Heritage Foundation. The Index covers 12 freedoms – from property rights to financial freedom – in 186 countries.
The Heritage Foundation defines "economic freedom" as the fundamental right of every human to control his or her own labor and property and believes that the ideals of economic freedom are strongly associated with healthier societies, cleaner environments, greater per capita wealth, human development, democracy, and poverty elimination. For more information, please visit the Heritage Foundation website below:
Men aged 35 to 54. Lithuania ranked the highest for prostate cancer rate in Europe in 2018 at 76.6 per 100,000 males (ages 35 to 54), followed by the Ireland and Norway at 74.8 and 36.9 respectively per 100,000 males (ages 35 to 54), according to the analysis by International Agency for Research on Cancer (I.A.R.C.) of World Health Organization (W.H.O.).
Prostate Cancer. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Globally, prostate cancer is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men (after lung cancer) and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall, with close to 1.3 million new cases diagnosed in 2018.
Survival Rate. If the prostate cancer has not yet spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate for most men is nearly 100%. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate dips to 30%.
Risk Factors. Knowledge of the causes of prostate cancer remains incomplete. Primary risk factors may include obesity, lack of exercise, age (over 50) and diet (diet high in processed meat, red meat, milk products or low in certain vegetables).
Note: The cancer rate listed below is the age-standardized rate per 100,000 males.
The largest sovereign wealth fund, both in Europe and in the world, is the Government Pension Fund Global of Norway (GPF) which was established in 1990 to invest the surplus revenues of the Norwegian petroleum sector. As of December 2017, it held US$1.03 trillion in assets, including 1.3% of global stocks and shares.
The other sovereign wealth fund of Norway, the Government Pension Fund of Norway, was established in 1967 and is a smaller fund (US$30.6 billion in assets). It focuses primarily on domestic and Scandinavian investments and is a key stock holder in many large Norwegian companies, predominantly via the Oslo Stock Exchange.
Both the Russian National Wealth Fund (US$76.3 billion in assets) and the Russian Reserve Fund (US$16.2 billion in assets) were originally created from the Stabilization Fund of the Russian Federation on 30 January 2008. However, over the years, with oil prices dropping, the Russian Reserve Fund had dwindled and was finally merged into the Russian National Wealth Fund in 2017.
May 15, 2019. Come November 3, 2020, the world will learn, with bated breath, whether the 46th United States president will emerge - or not. It is barely eighteen months away from the next U.S. presidential election and already, some countries could have already begun the countdown, wishing the elections would come sooner.
Within a short span of the past four weeks, the United States has escalated the trade war with China while still engaged in retaliatory tariff tit-for-tats with Mexico, Canada and the European Union. In the same period, the United States has also increased sanctions on Iran and deployed a carrier strike group to the Gulf, provoking hostile tensions in the Middle East, while shrugging off a series of missile tests by North Korea whose nuclear deal negotiations with Trump, after two unprecedented summits, has stalled.
At eighteen months out and with rising economic and military tensions on multiple fronts, Trump's re-election campaign is exactly right on schedule. There is enough runway for him to exert his "maximum pressure" strategy to force opposing countries to quickly capitulate and comply and ratchet up early wins to build up momentum on the path to re-election. However, if these trade and military tensions drag on, then the opposing countries gain the advantage of time and earn the option of waiting for Trump's term to run out and try for a better deal with the next U.S. president.
After two unprecedented summits - one in Singapore (2018) and the other in Hanoi Vietnam (2019) - that seemed to affirm Trump's unorthodox diplomacy, the relationship between Trump and Kim in 2020 has since regressed to square one. On May 4th, 2019, North Korea resumed the test launches of its missiles - an act that broke a diplomatic pause of missile launches in more than a year.
The missiles launched were short-range ballistic missiles; the payload they carry do not threaten the U.S. mainland. However, the message they carry is potent. In breaking the diplomatic pause, Kim is sending a message that if talks do not improve, North Korea can easily resume the testing of long-range ballistic missiles. On the latest missile test, Trump tweeted that Kim "does not want to break his promise to me. Deal will happen!". This statement could signal two things: (a) a carrot - the U.S. remain committed to the nuclear deal talks ("Deal will happen") - and (b) a stick - an unspoken threat if North Korea resume its ICBM tests (Kim "does not want to break his promise to me").
However, with the 2020 U.S. Presidential Elections looming, the momentum has tipped in North Korea's favour. Trump will be under time pressure to prove that his North Korea diplomacy works. Kim could do a full-court press on the U.S. for sweeter concessions (sanctions relief without total disarmament). In the worse case, if negotiations goes south, Kim could still wait it out until the next U.S. Presidential elections to try again. After all, firstly, Kim has no term limits and secondly, the unprecedented summits that Trump has initiated now give greater operating room for the next president to sit down with Kim.
With potential contenders throwing their hats into the ring for the 2020 Republican primaries as well as U.S. Presidential Elections, the U.S.-China trade war negotiations just gained a new dimension. If the China economy can hold up amidst the trade war, then the Chinese will hold more clout at the negotiation table, given that time has more pressure on Trump than it has for Xi.
Earlier in May, the US-China trade talks concluded without a deal. Not longer after, the warning shots were fired; Trump ordered a hike in tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese products. On 13 May, China returned shots by raising retaliatory tariffs on $60 billion in U.S. goods. It remains to be seen whether the Trump administration will escalate this conflict by following through on the threat to put 25% tariffs on the $325 billion in the remaining un-taxed Chinese goods.
While the trade war hurts both of the world's top two largest economies, any damage to the US economy carries an extra punch for Trump's upcoming elections and Trump's brand as a masterful deal-maker. China hopes this time pressure will lead to Trump expediting a trade deal that does not require China to concede much while giving Trump the perception of a win in this war. However, if U.S. decides not to budge, China could still wait out and observe the election process and judge whether to make a concession that increases Trump's chance of a second-term or reserve the concessions for negotiations with the next President of the United States. This privilege of waiting-out, however, hinges strongly on the impact of the tariffs on the Chinese economy.
Mexico is among the United States' top three trading partners and one of its two bordering countries. In 2018, according to Census Bureau, the U.S. exported $265 billion worth of goods to Mexico and imported $346.5 billion from Mexico. Since Trump's presidency, he has been determined to make good on two of his election promises involving Mexico - restructuring of the NAFTA to reduce U.S. trade deficit and the $33 billion border wall to stamp out illegal immigration and illegal trade of drugs and weapons from Mexico.
The NAFTA was superseded through negotiations by the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) signed on 1st October 2018. Prior to the USMCA, the United States had slapped tariffs of 25% on steel and 10% on alumnium from Canada, Mexico and the European Union. Mexico retaliated by slapping tariffs on $3 billion worth of American goods. At this point, the USMCA is currently stalled in the Congress and may not receive enough votes with concerns on labor, environmental and pharmaceutical provisions. Mexico and Canada are equally unwilling to ratify the USMCA unless the United States lifts its tariffs on steel and aluminium.
Trump has publicly stated that Mexico will eventually pay for the $33-billion U.S.-Mexico border wall, which Mexico has openly rejected. However, as long as the Trump administration is in charge, Mexico can expect continued hard pressure to meet Trump's demand. Looking at the presidential candidate field, Mexico can only hope the none of the upcoming presidential hopefuls make the same election promises about the Mexican border wall as Trump.
Men aged 55 and above. Ireland ranked the highest for prostate cancer rate in Europe in 2018 at 768.9 per 100,000 males (aged 55 and above), followed by the Estonia and Norway at 693 and 653.3 respectively per 100,000 males (aged 55 and above), according to the analysis by International Agency for Research on Cancer (I.A.R.C.) of World Health Organization (W.H.O.).
Europe. As a region, Europe's average prostate cancer rate (age 55 and above) is high at 383.79 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above) compared to other regions. Only North America has a higher average incidence rate at 436.23 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above).Asia has the lowest average incidence rate at 74 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above).
Top Spanish Banks in 2018. The five largest banks in Spain hold a total of US$3.529 trillion in assets.
1. Banco Santander. Founded since 1857 in Santander, Banco Santander is the largest bank in Spain and the 5th largest bank in Europe with about US$1.7 trillion in total assets-under-management.
2. Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria. Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (or BBVA) is founded in the same year as Banco Santander, 1857 but in Bilbao, Biscay. It is the second biggest Spanish financial institution by asset size at US$805 billion and the 17th largest bank in Europe.
New branding video of BBVA (2019)