These are the women leaders of Europe today - from Chancellor Merkel who has held the fort since 2005 (14 years of service) to President Zuzana Čaputová who was just elected in 15 June 2019. These women have overcome plenty to take over positions previously held by men and have shown themselves to be as competent.
For the global list 2019 Aspiring Youths to Astute Stateswomen: Women Leaders Who Rose to the Top in their Countries, click on the list below:
In A Few Words. In 2005, Angela Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany. Since then, she has been widely described as the 'the most powerful woman in the world' and by many commentators as the 'leader of the Free World'. Angela Merkel announced that she will not seek a new term when her current term as chancellor ends in 2021. In 2021, she will have served one of the longest tenure (16 years) as a post-war German Chancellor, alongside Helmut Kohl (also 16 years).
In A Few Words. People who knew Theresa May in the 1970s spoke of her as a young woman who, from an early age, had an amibtion to be the first woman prime minister of UK. While Margaret Thatcher officially became the first woman prime minister of UK in 1979, Theresa May too realized her ambition in part by becoming prime minister in 2016.
In A Few Words. In 2009, Dalia Grybauskaitė became the first female President of Lithuania, winning by the largest margin for a free election in Lithuania. President Dalia Grybauskaitė is also known for her financial competence in her term as the European Financial and Budget Commissioner.
Started in 1947, the Hannover Messegelande has been extensively rebuilt to be the largest exhibition centers in the world, offering close to 496,000 m² (5.3 million sq.ft.) of covered indoor space. Today, it is home to some of the largest events in the world and Europe - CeBIT and Hannover Messe.
At second spot and also from Germany, is another gigantic exhibition venue, Frankfurt Main Messegelande which offers 367,000 m² of indoor space. In 2017, Frankfurt Main Messegelande set a new record for hosting about 95,000 exhibitors and 4.3 million visitors .
Third largest in Europe is Fiera Milano of Milan, Italy. Fiera Milano offers 345,000 m² of indoor space and hosts about seventy shows (of which about one third directly organized) and 30,000 exhibitors every year
2018 (Eastern Europe & Central Asia) Corruption Perceptions Index
source: Transparency International (see attributions)
"The Corruption Perceptions Index is an index which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people. It uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43. It reveals that the continued failure of most countries to significantly control corruption is contributing to a crisis in democracy around the world. While there are exceptions, the data shows that despite some progress, most countries are failing to make serious inroads against corruption. " - excerpt from CPI website (below)
Average Scores By Region
As a region, Eastern Europe & Central Asia ranked fifth in average index score, just ahead of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Men aged 55 and above. Ireland ranked the highest for prostate cancer rate in Europe in 2018 at 768.9 per 100,000 males (aged 55 and above), followed by the Estonia and Norway at 693 and 653.3 respectively per 100,000 males (aged 55 and above), according to the analysis by International Agency for Research on Cancer (I.A.R.C.) of World Health Organization (W.H.O.).
Europe. As a region, Europe's average prostate cancer rate (age 55 and above) is high at 383.79 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above) compared to other regions. Only North America has a higher average incidence rate at 436.23 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above).Asia has the lowest average incidence rate at 74 per 100,000 males (age 55 and above).
Prostate Cancer. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Globally, prostate cancer is the second most commonly occurring cancer in men (after lung cancer) and the fourth most commonly occurring cancer overall, with close to 1.3 million new cases diagnosed in 2018.
Survival Rate. If the prostate cancer has not yet spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate for most men is nearly 100%. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate dips to 30%.
Risk Factors. Knowledge of the causes of prostate cancer remains incomplete. Primary risk factors may include obesity, lack of exercise, age (over 50) and diet (diet high in processed meat, red meat, milk products or low in certain vegetables).
Note: The cancer rate listed below is the age-standardized rate per 100,000 males.
The Henley Passport Index is the ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access visa-free. The creator of this index, Henley & Partners, has analysed the visa regulations of countries in the world since 2006.
Scoring. The score is calculated as the number of countries that a specific passport can access becomes its visa-free
Globally. As of March 2019, the countries with the most powerful passports are Japan, Singapore and South Korea, with their holders capable of visiting 189 countries visa-free. The countries with the least powerful passports are Iraq and Afghanistan, with their holders being able to visit only 30 countries visa-free.
Europe. There are 36 countries or city states in Europe whose passports offer visa-free access to at least 150 countries. This is the highest of any geographical region.
The most powerful passport in Europe belongs to Germany, which allows visa-free access to 188 countries, followed closely by at least another 24 countries or city-states in the club of enabling visa-free access to at least 180 countries.
The most limiting passport in Europe is that of Kosovo, which allows visa-free access to 43 countries.
European Countries with Most Top Banks. France and United Kingdom have the most number of large banks in Europe at six apiece, followed by Spain and Germany at five a piece. The combined assets held by French banks are at US$8.6 trillion, while UK banks hold about US$7.1 trillion in assets.
Top European Banks in 2018. The largest bank in Europe is HSBC Holdings with more than US$2.5 trillion in assets, followed by French banks BNP Paribas with US$2.357 trillion in assets and Crédit Agricole with US$2.1 trillion in assets.
1. HSBC Holdings PLC. The largest bank in Europe is HSBC Holdings with more than US$2.5 trillion in assets. HSBC Holdings is also the 7th largest bank in the world. The name HSBC is originally derived from the initials of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
2. BNP Paribas. The largest bank in France is BNP Paribas with US$2.357 trillion in assets. Founded since 1848, it is also the 2nd biggest bank by assets in Europe and the eighth largest bank in the world.
3. Crédit Agricole. The "la banque verte" or the green bank, Crédit Agricole is the second largest bank in France with US$2.1 trillion in assets. Founded since 1894, it has become the third largest bank by asset in Europe and tenth largest globally.
4. Deutsche Bank. Headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany, Deutsche Bank is the largest bank in Germany and the fourth largest bank in Europe. Globally, Deutsche Bank is ranked the 15th largest bank by total assets (US$1.765 trillion).
5. Banco Santander. Founded since 1857 in Santander, Banco Santander is the largest bank in Spain and the 5th largest bank in Europe with about US$1.7 trillion in total assets-under-management.
6. Barclays PLC. Barclays is a British multinational investment bank and financial services company, headquartered in London. It is the 2nd largest bank in UK by assets (US$1.53 trillion) and the 6th largest bank in Europe.
Hornindalsvatnet Lake is Norway's and Europe's deepest lake with a maximum depth of 514 meters - the only European lake to exceed 500 meters in depth.The Hornindalsvatnet Lake covers a surface area of 51 km2 and holds 12.1 km3 of water.
A Quick Scenic View of the Surroundings of Hornindalsvatnet Lake
Location map of Hornindalsvatnet Lake (Source: NormanEinstein/Wikipedia)
Lake Salvatnet is Norway's and Europe's second-deepest lake at 464 meters. Lake Salvatnet is a meromictic lake covering a surface area of 44 km2 and holding 6.87 km3 of water i.e. its water is permanently stratified, preserving records of the geologic past. The lower layer of the lake is highly saline and as a result denser than the higher levels of water.
Beautiful view of Lake Salvatnet in the icy winter
Lake Tinn (Tinnsjå) is Europe's third-deepest lake at 460 meters. The lake spreads over a surface area of 51 km2 and its water is found to contain traces of heavy water (deuterium oxide), due to sinking of the ferry SF Hydro during World War 2 (in 1994). SF Hydro was said to contain large quantities of heavy water produced at Vemork, a factory located in Rjukan, and was en route to Germany for purpose of nuclear weapon research.
High view of Lake Tinn (Credit: Arne Martin Güettler/Wikimedia under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license)
A useful guide for travellers driving in Europe: Today, only a few countries and territories in Europe implement left-hand traffic (LHT) for their roads.
Left-hand traffic (LHT) is the practice of keeping to the left side of the road, in bidirectional traffic. In LHT, vehicles keep left and the cars are right-hand drive (RHD) with the steering wheel on the right-hand side of the car.
Click below for the list of European countries and territories with right-hand traffic (RHT).
At 200m, the Kölnbrein Dam of Austria is the tallest dam in Europe. The Kölnbrein Dam, constructed between 1971 and 1979, is an arch dam in the Hohe Tauern range within Carinthia, Austria.
At second, the Atatürk Dam rises to a height of 166m and impounds the reservoir known as Lake Atatürk Dam. The Atatürk Dam is a zoned rock-fill dam on the Euphrates River in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey.
The Samara Dam of Russia is third, standing at 52m tall. The Samara Dam of Russia impounds the Volga River, one of the longest rivers in Europe with a structure volume of 54 million cubic meters.