2018 (Sub-Saharan Africa) Corruption Perceptions Index
source: Transparency International (see attributions)
"The Corruption Perceptions Index is an index which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people. It uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43. It reveals that the continued failure of most countries to significantly control corruption is contributing to a crisis in democracy around the world. While there are exceptions, the data shows that despite some progress, most countries are failing to make serious inroads against corruption. " - excerpt from CPI website (below)
Average Scores By Region
As a region, Sub-Saharan Africa ranked last in the average index scores.
The Henley Passport Index is the ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access visa-free. The creator of this index, Henley & Partners, has analysed the visa regulations of countries in the world since 2006.
Scoring. The score is calculated as the number of countries that a specific passport can access becomes its visa-free
Globally. As of March 2019, the countries with the most powerful passports are Japan, Singapore and South Korea, with their holders capable of visiting 189 countries visa-free. The countries with the least powerful passports are Iraq and Afghanistan, with their holders being able to visit only 30 countries visa-free.
South America. Chile, Argentina and Brazil are the top ranked countries in South America with the most powerful passports, enabling visa-free access to 176 (Chile) and 171 (Argentina, Brazil) countries respectively.
The most limiting passports in South America belong to Bolivia and Suriname, which offer visa-free access to 78 and 79 countries respectively.
A sovereign wealth fund, or SWF in short, is a fund that manages the savings of a state or state organization for the purposes of investment. The largest sovereign wealth fund in the world is the Government Pension Fund Global of Norway (GPF) which was established in 1990 to invest the surplus revenues of the Norwegian petroleum sector. As of December 2017, it held US$1.03 trillion in assets, including 1.3% of global stocks and shares.
Top SWFs by Region. With the exception of the Government Pension Fund of Norway (GPF), the top 10 sovereign wealth funds in the world hails generally from Asia and the Middle East. By region, the top sovereign wealth funds of Asia manage a combined total of US$3.195 trillion in assets while the top sovereign wealth funds of Middle East manage a combined total of US$3.094 trillion in assets.
Some countries may have more than one sovereign wealth funds. Examples are China with 4 SWFs (CIC - China Investment Corporation, SAFE, NCSSF - National Social Security Fund, CADF - China-Africa Development Fund) managing a total of 1.5 trillion USD in assets, and Singapore with 2 SWFs (GIC - Government Investment Corporation, TH - Temasek Holdings) managing a total of 556 billion in USD in assets.
This data references the 2019 study by Value Champion (refer to URL below) to determine the best cities for millenials to live and work.
According to Value Champion, many young people are willing to move abroad in order to pursue personal and career opportunities. In fact, the World Economic Forum found that 4 out of 5 millennials would be willing to relocate internationally for work.
Thus, this study will provide useful reference points for European startups looking to recruit millenials into their workforce.
The combined value of the world's top 100 games markets is estimated to be US$134 billion. By region, the size of South America's games market is US$2.8 billion or 2% of the combined total, a distant figure from the game revenues of North America, Asia and Europe.
The top 3 games countries in South America are :
This data is derived from Newzoo's 2018 study of the top 100 games markets ranked on their revenue estimates (refer to URL below).
According to Newzoo, the data estimates are based on a combination of primary consumer research, transactional data, quarterly company reports, and census data. The revenues are based on consumer spending in each country and exclude hardware sales, tax, business-to-business services, and online gambling and betting revenues.
All figures, include the country populations, Internet populations and total games revenues are stated in millions.
2018 (Middle East & North Africa) Corruption Perceptions Index
As a region, Middle East & North Africa ranked fourth, ahead of Eastern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa, but behind Western Europe, Asia Pacific and the Americas.
With global initiatives on smart manufacturing, such as Industry 4.0 and "Made in China 2025", in high gear, one of the key trends in factory automation is the adoption of Cobots (or Collaborative Robots) and a diversity of robot types for different stages of manufacturing.
Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS). As competition for robotic solutions heat up, robot-as-a-service becomes a strategic model for some of the robotic firms to compete and expand market share. Such offerings range from Cobot-as-a-service for a myriad of manufacturing tasks to Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR-as-a-service) that assist to fetch, transport and deliver materials within a factory.
RaaS Business Models. There are several variants of the pay-as-you-use model here. We list them as follows:
We introduce these factory automation RaaS providers below :
Warehouse management is one of the major industries that is being automated at a blazing speed - from fetching items around the warehouse, to sorting and shelving , to picking and packing, and eventually shipping off.
Picker-as-a-service. There are picker robot-as-a-service from companies such as Geek+ Robotics, InVia Robotics and Magazino, that charges on a per-pick service model, ranging from 6 cents to 10 cents per pick.
AMR-as-a-service (AMRaaS). Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR) are also increasingly popular as robot-as-a-service, with solutions from 6 River, Fetch Robotics and Locus Robotics. These robots are leased on a monthly basis, ranging from $711 per robot per month to several thousand dollars per month, depending on the period of commitment.
We introduce these warehouse RaaS providers below :
In cities where the security workforce is increasingly costly and aging, hiring and ensuring adequate security is becoming a serious challenge.
Security robot-as-a-service (RaaS) enables companies and security contractors to fill gaps in their security coverage and yet avoid having to invest in high, upfront capital expenditure. The general security RaaS model is on monthly rental basis, with each robot costing easily from US$1.5K per month to as high as US$10K per month.
Here are some of the security RaaS players:
Cobalt Robotics - a US-based security robot company that has developed the Cobalt security robot which is available for rental at US$6,000 per robot per month (source).
Knightscope - a US-based security robot company that has produced the K1/K3/K5/K7 line of security robots, available for rental at US$4,000-$8,000 per robot per month (source)
More security RaaS firms introduced below
In general, there are three categories of delivery robot-as-a-service offerings, organized and determined primarily based on delivery mileage.
1. Public-road autonomous delivery vehicles
These are autonomous robot vehicles that can travel on public roads and are capable of handling city-range or town-range deliveries (5-20km radius). RaaS companies in this space include uDelv, Robomart, AutoX and nuro. There are pure-delivery players that have a per-delivery fee model (e.g. nuro - $5.95 per delivery) and there are hybrid delivery-and-grocery-on-wheels players (e.g. AutoX, Robomart) which charges based on grocery purchases and/or delivery from its delivery vehicles.
Robomart. Robomart is a San Francisco-based US firm that provides autonomous "mini-mart" vehicles. Its revenue is derived from the grocery purchases made on Robotmart vehicles. The firm is currently running a pilot program in the greater Boston area with Stop & Shop.
View a demonstration of Robomart's "mini-mart" on wheels below.
nuro. Nuro is a US-based firm that develops the same-name unmanned robot vehicle nuro which is "a self-driving vehicle made for local goods transportation". The firm has started a pilot program with Domino's for pizza delivery in Houston and another with Fry's Food Stores in Arizona for groceries at $5.95 per delivery.
Watch how customers obtain their deliveries from the nuro robot vehicle.
AutoX. AutoX is a US-based company makes use of its autonomous vehicles to provide robo-deliveries. The revenue model is based on item purchases at in-app and in-vehicle stores and delivery fees..
Watch how the AutoX vehicle perform robo-deliveries below.
UDelv. UDelv is based in California, United States and provides an end-to-end autonomous delivery solutions to merchants. Its autonomous delivery vehicles (ADVs) can drive at highway speeds of up to 60mph and handle deliveries of over 800 lbs and up to 32 customer orders per cycle.
2. Community delivery robots
These are autonomous delivery robots that make deliveries within 5-6km radius (typically using sidewalks and small-roads) and target local communities and campuses. RaaS companies in this space include Starship, HelloWorld TARS, Eliport, Marble and Kiwibot. Most of these companies charge on a per-delivery model, ranging from US$1.99 (Starship) to US$3.80 (Kiwibot).
Starship. Starship is headquartered in San Francisco, United States, with its main engineering team based in Estonia. Its fleet of robots can deliver items within a 4-mile (6 km) radius, making local delivery faster, safer and more cost-efficient. To date, Starship's fleet of robots has completed 100,000 deliveries, charging customers about $1.99 per order.
HelloWorld TARS. Most of the local-delivery robotics firms covered in this article are based in the United States. HelloWorld Robotics hails from the Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, a twelve-hour timezone difference from most of the local-delivery competition. HelloWorld Robotics has developed TARS, the first autonomous last mile delivery robot in Southeast Asia. The TARS delivery robots are being piloted in Cyberjaya, Malaysia, serving customers within a radius of 1-2 km.
Article continues below..
Robot-as-a-Service (RaaS) Models. In the RaaS model, cleaning contractors and building owners simply pay for the usage of the robots by the hour or month, rather than procure the robots as assets with high, upfront expenditure and costly maintenance. There are at least 10 cleaning robot-as-a-service offerings in the global market, providing commercial floor cleaning, window cleaning or room cleaning services. The pricing models range from hourly fees (US$4-$6 per hour) to monthly charges (US$215 to 1.5K per month).
Image free for re-use under CC-BY 4.0, with attribution to https://insights.rlist.io
These are some of the robot-as-a-service cleaning companies in the market today :
FLOOR CLEANING/SCRUBBING ROBOTS
Avidbots Neo - Avidbots is a robotics company based in Canada, well-known for its Neo line of autonomous floor scrubbing robots for commercial spaces. Its RaaS model rents out the cleaning robots robots at US$4-6 per hour (source)
Lionsbot Leobot - Lionsbot International is a Singapore-based robotics company that specializes in robots that "bring smiles" while performing cleaning. Its line of cleaning robots, Leobots, are able to scrub, mop, vacuum, sweep and shine and are available at US$990-1,500 per month (source).
Softbank Robotics Whiz - Softbank Robotics is a world-renowned robotics division of the Softbank Group. Whiz is its AI-powered vacuum robot for use in commercial offices. It is expected to be available for monthly rental at 25,000 yen (US$222) per month (source).
Introduction of more companies continues below..
The top five robot-as-a-service (RaaS) segments are delivery robots, cleaning robots, factory robots, warehouse robots and security robots.
These RaaS plays have made their way into markets where pay-as-you-use robot models can deliver value that disrupt and exceed traditional costs such as performance fees (e.g. delivery fees) and hourly labor wages (e.g. cleaners and security guards) and on top of that, provide higher reliability and consistency.
This compilation of data supports two Insights articles: