These are the largest office buildings in North America. In fact, the top eight largest office buildings in North America are also the largest offices in the world.
The largest of them all - the Pentagon - has 620,000 m2 of floor area, despite having only 7 floors. Well, we are know who works at the Pentagon - we just can't talk about it.
At second, with 490,000 m2 of floor area, is the FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center - also the North American HQ and main research and development facility of Chrysler ( FCA stands for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles ).
In close third, at 462,636 m2, is the Place du Portage building of Canada. The Place du Portage (made up of Place du Portage I, II, III, IV and Place d'Accueil) is a commercial office building can accommodate approximately 10,000 office workers.
In the North America, the USA and Mexico evenly split the share of the tallest bridges at three apiece.
The Mezcala Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge, stands tallest at 311m in North America and spans the Mezcala River in Mexico. Yet, the world-renowned Golden Gate Bridge at San Francisco stood out as the poster boy of bridges, and is described in Frommer's travel guide as "possibly the most beautiful, certainly the most photographed, bridge in the world." In 1937, the suspension bridge was both the longest and tallest bridge in the world with a main span of 1.28km and a height of 227m.
And there was one . Lake Titicaca is the largest lake in South America, with a surface area of 8,372 sq km. It is a large, deep lake in the Andes on the border of Bolivia and Peru, often called the "highest navigable lake" in the world, at the surface elevation of 3,812 metres (12,507 ft).
50 States of the USA. These are the 50 states of the United States of America, making the 327 million population and US$19 trillion GDP of the USA.
Compared to the sovereign wealth funds in North America, Asia and the Middle East, the SWFs in South America are lesser in asset size.
Topping the list, the Social and Economic Stabilization Fund (SESF) of Chile, started since 2007, manages close to US$15 billion in assets. Copper exports stands for more than one third of the Chilean government's income. Thus, the SESF acts as a stabilizer to the variability of global copper prices. Whenever the price of copper increased, the government would direct a proportion of the increased revenues into the SESF. However, when the price of copper fellow below its expected level, the fund will then be tapped to make up for the shortfall in government income due to the drop in copper prices.
The Pension Reserve Fund is another SWF of Chile. Started since 2006 with US$604.5 million, it has grown to close to US$9.4 billion in assets. The Pension Reserve Fund was was established to prepare for and support future government expenditures for Chile’s new demographic scenario of increased life expectancy and elderly population.
These are USA's (and also the world's) tallest roller coasters and certainly not for the faint-hearted.
The Kingda Ka at the Six Flags Great Adventure in New Jersey, claims the title of the tallest roller coaster in USA and the world with a height of 139 meters. Kingda Ka also has the furthest drop in the world at a staggering 127 meters, with a maximum speed of 206 km/h!
The Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point in Ohio stands second at 130 meters with a drop of 120 meters, which is also the second furthest in the world.
At third tallest, is Superman: Escape from Krypton at the Six Flags Magic Mountain in California. The Superman stands at 126 meters with a drop of 100 meters.
The structural volume of a dam is the total space occupied by the materials forming the dam structure computed between abutments and from top to bottom of dam. The abutment refers to the part of the valley side against which the dam is constructed.
The Fort Peck Dam of Montana USA, built in 1940 and one of the oldest major dams, is the largest dam in North America by structural volume at 96 million cubic meters.
The second-placed Oahe Dam is a large earthen dam on the Missouri River, just north of Pierre, South Dakota, United States. It is constructed with a structural volume of 70.3 million cubic meters and impounds Lake Oahe and 29 billion cubic meters of water.
The Gardiner Dam of Canada is one of the largest embankment dams in the world. The Gardiner Dam rises 64m in height and has a structural volume of 65.4 million cubic meters.
1990 - 2016 South America: This table depicts for the loss of forested areas for countries in South America.
Forest area (% of land area) - Forest area is defined, according to World Bank, as land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
May 15, 2019. Come November 3, 2020, the world will learn, with bated breath, whether the 46th United States president will emerge - or not. It is barely eighteen months away from the next U.S. presidential election and already, some countries could have already begun the countdown, wishing the elections would come sooner.
Within a short span of the past four weeks, the United States has escalated the trade war with China while still engaged in retaliatory tariff tit-for-tats with Mexico, Canada and the European Union. In the same period, the United States has also increased sanctions on Iran and deployed a carrier strike group to the Gulf, provoking hostile tensions in the Middle East, while shrugging off a series of missile tests by North Korea whose nuclear deal negotiations with Trump, after two unprecedented summits, has stalled.
At eighteen months out and with rising economic and military tensions on multiple fronts, Trump's re-election campaign is exactly right on schedule. There is enough runway for him to exert his "maximum pressure" strategy to force opposing countries to quickly capitulate and comply and ratchet up early wins to build up momentum on the path to re-election. However, if these trade and military tensions drag on, then the opposing countries gain the advantage of time and earn the option of waiting for Trump's term to run out and try for a better deal with the next U.S. president.
After two unprecedented summits - one in Singapore (2018) and the other in Hanoi Vietnam (2019) - that seemed to affirm Trump's unorthodox diplomacy, the relationship between Trump and Kim in 2020 has since regressed to square one. On May 4th, 2019, North Korea resumed the test launches of its missiles - an act that broke a diplomatic pause of missile launches in more than a year.
The missiles launched were short-range ballistic missiles; the payload they carry do not threaten the U.S. mainland. However, the message they carry is potent. In breaking the diplomatic pause, Kim is sending a message that if talks do not improve, North Korea can easily resume the testing of long-range ballistic missiles. On the latest missile test, Trump tweeted that Kim "does not want to break his promise to me. Deal will happen!". This statement could signal two things: (a) a carrot - the U.S. remain committed to the nuclear deal talks ("Deal will happen") - and (b) a stick - an unspoken threat if North Korea resume its ICBM tests (Kim "does not want to break his promise to me").
However, with the 2020 U.S. Presidential Elections looming, the momentum has tipped in North Korea's favour. Trump will be under time pressure to prove that his North Korea diplomacy works. Kim could do a full-court press on the U.S. for sweeter concessions (sanctions relief without total disarmament). In the worse case, if negotiations goes south, Kim could still wait it out until the next U.S. Presidential elections to try again. After all, firstly, Kim has no term limits and secondly, the unprecedented summits that Trump has initiated now give greater operating room for the next president to sit down with Kim.
With potential contenders throwing their hats into the ring for the 2020 Republican primaries as well as U.S. Presidential Elections, the U.S.-China trade war negotiations just gained a new dimension. If the China economy can hold up amidst the trade war, then the Chinese will hold more clout at the negotiation table, given that time has more pressure on Trump than it has for Xi.
Earlier in May, the US-China trade talks concluded without a deal. Not longer after, the warning shots were fired; Trump ordered a hike in tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese products. On 13 May, China returned shots by raising retaliatory tariffs on $60 billion in U.S. goods. It remains to be seen whether the Trump administration will escalate this conflict by following through on the threat to put 25% tariffs on the $325 billion in the remaining un-taxed Chinese goods.
While the trade war hurts both of the world's top two largest economies, any damage to the US economy carries an extra punch for Trump's upcoming elections and Trump's brand as a masterful deal-maker. China hopes this time pressure will lead to Trump expediting a trade deal that does not require China to concede much while giving Trump the perception of a win in this war. However, if U.S. decides not to budge, China could still wait out and observe the election process and judge whether to make a concession that increases Trump's chance of a second-term or reserve the concessions for negotiations with the next President of the United States. This privilege of waiting-out, however, hinges strongly on the impact of the tariffs on the Chinese economy.
Mexico is among the United States' top three trading partners and one of its two bordering countries. In 2018, according to Census Bureau, the U.S. exported $265 billion worth of goods to Mexico and imported $346.5 billion from Mexico. Since Trump's presidency, he has been determined to make good on two of his election promises involving Mexico - restructuring of the NAFTA to reduce U.S. trade deficit and the $33 billion border wall to stamp out illegal immigration and illegal trade of drugs and weapons from Mexico.
The NAFTA was superseded through negotiations by the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) signed on 1st October 2018. Prior to the USMCA, the United States had slapped tariffs of 25% on steel and 10% on alumnium from Canada, Mexico and the European Union. Mexico retaliated by slapping tariffs on $3 billion worth of American goods. At this point, the USMCA is currently stalled in the Congress and may not receive enough votes with concerns on labor, environmental and pharmaceutical provisions. Mexico and Canada are equally unwilling to ratify the USMCA unless the United States lifts its tariffs on steel and aluminium.
Trump has publicly stated that Mexico will eventually pay for the $33-billion U.S.-Mexico border wall, which Mexico has openly rejected. However, as long as the Trump administration is in charge, Mexico can expect continued hard pressure to meet Trump's demand. Looking at the presidential candidate field, Mexico can only hope the none of the upcoming presidential hopefuls make the same election promises about the Mexican border wall as Trump.
The Kingda Ka at the Six Flags Great Adventure in New Jersey has the fastest top speed of 206 km/h in the United States. It is also the tallest roller coaster structure in the world at a height of 139 meter.
At second, the Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point in Ohio has a top speed of 190 km/h and stands at 130 meters, which is also the second tallest in the world.
At third, Superman: Escape from Krypton at the Six Flags Magic Mountain in California is the third fastest in the United States with a top speed of 160 km/h. The Superman stands at 126 meters with a drop of 100 meters.